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Heads of State
Year of the Metal Monkey庚申(at the beginning of Earth Sheep己未)
Syria: 1871 /72 ( the year in October )
- Secured 3.1 Date of birth
- 3.2 Exact date of birth unknown
- 3.3 Born in 1560
- 4.1 First half of
- 4.2 Second half of
- 4.3 More death unknown
Politics and World Affairs
France / Scotland
- September 29: change of dynasty in Sweden: Erik XIV follows his late father Gustav I Vasa. Erik, who has harbored plans for marriage with the Queen of England Elizabeth I says then canceled a planned trip to England.
- A Portuguese fleet destroyed the Fort Coligny was founded by Nicolas Durand de Villegagnon in the bay of Rio de Janeiro, which is to protect the colony of France Antarctique. The colony is crushed by the Portuguese in 1567.
Certificates and foundations
- Gondorf Castle on the Mosel is built.
Science and Technology
- April 20: In St. Catherine's Monastery in Stralsund, the New School is opened. Lorenz Wydeman is first rector.
- Giambattista della Porta founded in Naples the Academia Naturae Secretorum, one of the first scientific academies in Europe.
The Dutch Renaissance painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder oil on wood made in the painting The children's games. Shown are 80 different children's games from the Netherlands of the 16th century. Whether Bruegel himself gave the painting a name that is not known.
- The Italian chess master Giulio Cesare Polerio analyzed for the first time Two Knights in Nachzuge in chess.
- July 6th: After the peace agreement with England, the Scottish Parliament sets up a commission of six theologians that summarizes under the leadership of John Knox, the Reformation doctrine in only four days in the 25 articles. When the set invited comments Catholic party submits no rebuttal, the Parliament, the Confessio Scotica decides almost unanimously in August, but against the resistance of Mary Stuart. As a result of this decision, the Scottish Reformed Church is born. The Scottish Confession is for content related to the one year earlier incurred Confessio Gallicana the French Huguenots and the Confessio Belgica of 1561st
- Jean Calvin and Pierre Viret try in Geneva - at first in vain - to introduce Supper brands.
Historic maps and views
The Sindelfingen chronicle the right shows the coat of arms of the Duchy of Württemberg and the Sindelfingen
- August 7: Elisabeth Báthory, Hungarian nobles, the Blood Countess († 1614)
- August 11: Theodosius Fabricius, German Lutheran theologian († 1597)
- October 29: Christian I, Elector of Saxony ( † 1591 )
- November 3: Annibale Carracci, Italian painter († 1609)
- November 28: Baltasar of Marradas, Spanish nobleman, Knight of Malta, the imperial field marshal, governor of Bohemia; († 1638)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Robert Abbot, English clergyman († 1618)
- Felice Anerio, Italian composer († 1614)
- Ottavio Acquaviva d' Aragona, Cardinal († 1612 )
- Markantun de Dominis, mathematician, Jesuit, Bishop of Senj and Archbishop of Split ( † 1624)
- Anton Praetorius, reformed pastor, fighter against witch trials and torture († 1613 )
Born in 1560
- Bertholomäus Agricola, German monk († 1621)
First half year
- Before February 7: Baccio Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (* 1488 or 1493 )
- FEBRUARY 16: Jean du Bellay, Cardinal and Archbishop of Paris (* 1492)
- March 4: Albert VII, Count of Mansfeld (* 1480)
- March 9: Caspar Landsidel, German educator and rhetorician (* 1514)
- MARCH 28: Christoph Zobel, German jurist (* 1499 )
Second half- year
- July 25: Nicholas Bardewik, Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1506)
- August 1: Melchior Wolmar, German jurist, scholar and humanist (* 1497 )
- September 14: Anton Fugger, businessman (* 1493 )
- September 29: Gustav I Vasa, King of Sweden (* 1496 )
- December 2: Georg Sabinus, founding rector of the University of Königsberg (* 1508)
- December 5: Franz II (France ), King of France from 1559 to 1560 (* 1544)
- December 17: Ernst of Bavaria, Administrator of Passau and Salzburg (* 1500)