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Heads of State · obituary
Year of the Metal Rooster辛酉( at the beginning of the year Metal Monkey庚申)
Syria: 2052/53 ( the year in October )
- 2.1 First half of
- 2.2 Second half of
- 2.3 Exact date of birth unknown
Politics and World Affairs
War of Austrian Succession
Russia / Sweden
- 8 August: The Russo- Swedish War ( 1741-1743 )
- November 24: coup d'etat in Russia. A palace revolution brings the daughter of Peter the Great, Elisabeth ( Russia) to power.
More Events in Europe
- August 23: Second Stader comparison; Agreement between the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Bremen on their claims to power.
- March 9: In the War of Jenkins ' Ear, the British besieged the port of Cartagena in the Spanish colony of New Granada.
- In Tennessee come first slave laws in force. They are based on those of North Carolina.
Science and Technology
- April 29: Premiere of the opera Ezio by Niccolò Jommelli in Bologna.
- May 27: In Vienna, the first time a band accompanied a military parade.
- Summer: George Frideric Handel composed the oratorio Messiah.
- 26th December: premiere of the opera Merope by Niccolò Jommelli at the Teatro San Giovanni Crisostomo in Venice.
- June 30th: In the encyclical Quanta Cura says Pope Benedict XIV to grievances at the request of payment for exhibitions and calls for a proper practice of the clergy.
- AUGUST 29: A volcanic eruption on the island of Oshima- Oshima is accompanied by a tsunami in the Sea of Japan, in which at least 1,600 people die.
Minor accidents are listed in the sub- items of disaster.
First half year
- 08 February: André- Ernest- Modeste Grétry, Belgian composer († 1813)
- February 09: Franz Ferdinand Maria Bouget, German Colonel
- FEBRUARY 26: Johann Nepomuk Holzhey, German organ builder († 1809)
Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel
Emperor Joseph II
- MARCH 20: Jean -Antoine Houdon, French sculptor († 1828)
- 20 March: Meinard Tydeman the Elder, Dutch jurist and historian († 1825)
- MARCH 25: Daniel Schiebeler, German writer († 1771)
- MARCH 28: Johann André, German musician, composer and music publisher († 1799)
- April 05: Johann Baptist Ambrosi, German theologian († 1796)
- APRIL 14: Momozono, Japanese Emperor († 1762)
- April 15: Charles Willson Peale, American portrait and landscape painter († 1827)
- APRIL 17: Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer († 1801)
- May 06: Joseph Ignatius Buček, Czech University Professor, Author economic works († 1821)
- 09 May: Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer († 1816)
- MAY 23: Andrea Luchese, Italian composer († 1801)
Second half- year
- AUGUST 23: Jean -François de La Pérouse, French navigator and geographer († 1788)
- AUGUST 28: Johann Christian Kestner, German jurist and archivist, husband of Charlotte Buff ( † 1800)
- AUGUST 31: Jean Paul Egide Martini, German - French composer († 1816)
- September 03: Johann Wilhelm von Archenholz, Prussian historian and book publisher († 1812)
- 04 September: Friedrich August Wilhelm Wenck, German historian († 1810)
- SEPTEMBER 16: Nathan ben Simeon ha - Kohen Adler, German Kabbalist and rabbi († 1800)
- September 22: Peter Simon Pallas, German naturalist († 1811)
- 04 October: Franciszek Karpiński, Polish poet and dramatist († 1825)
- October 11: James Barry, British painter († 1806)
- OCTOBER 17: Heinrich Zimmermann, German traveler and travel writer († 1805)
- OCTOBER 18: Pierre -Ambroise - Francois Choderlos de Laclos, French writer and officer († 1803)
- October 30: Angelika Kauffmann, Swiss painter († 1807)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Carlo Canobbio, Italian composer and violinist († 1822)
- Frederick Pischel Berger, bassist († 1813)
- Ali Pasha Tepelenë, Ottoman pasha († 1822)
- 02 April: Christoph Hackner, Silesian architect (* 1663 )
- May 03: Joseph Munggenast, Austrian Baroque architect (* 1680)
- MAY 25: Adrian Bernard of Borcke, Prussian field marshal (* 1668)
- May 27: Ernst Christoph Steinbach, German physician and lexicographer (* 1698 )
- September 02: Andreas Charitius, German Lutheran theologian (* 1690)