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Heads of State · obituary
Year of the Earth Rooster己酉(at the beginning of Earth Monkey戊申)
Syria: 2040/41 ( the year in October )
- 2.1 First half of
- 2.2 Second half of
- 2.3 Exact date of birth unknown
Politics and World Affairs
- November 28: The Natchez Rebellion begins with an attack by the Natchez Indians to French settlers at Fort Rosalie in Natchez. During the day 229 colonists are killed by the attackers and more than 300 women, children and slaves captured.
- Franz Ludwig von Pfalz- Neuburg is the successor of the deceased on 30 January Lothar Franz von Schönborn, Archbishop and Elector of Mainz. His previous position as Elector and Archbishop of Trier receives Franz Georg von Schönborn
- November 9: The English- Spanish war ends with the existence -down under the mediation of the French Minister André- Hercule de Fleury Treaty of Seville. The status quo ante is restored. Spain thus confirmed the British possession of Gibraltar and Minorca, while the United Kingdom insured in return to support the establishment of a Sekundogenitur for Don Carlos, the son of the Queen of Spain.
- Denmark under Frederick IV and Sweden under King Frederick I close the Hamburg comparison. Sweden recognizes in return for cash compensation its loss of territory and the cession of the Duchy of Verden 's ally Denmark Electorate of Hanover.
Science and Technology
- January 7: premiere of the opera Love in a Riddle by Henry Carey in London.
- February 8: premiere of the opera I disingannati ( the clever ) by Antonio Caldara at the Teatrino di Corte in Vienna.
- June 6: The Church Cantata I love the Most High thy mind, by Johann Sebastian Bach experienced their first performance on Whit Monday in Leipzig.
- 20 June: World première of the opera The contrivances by Henry Carey in London.
- December 2: The Opera Lothario by George Frideric Handel with little success has its world premiere in London.
- Johann Sebastian Bach composed the cantata O homage pleasant melody.
First half year
- January 02: Johann Daniel Titius, a Prussian astronomer, physicist and biologist († 1796)
- January 10: Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian scientist († 1799)
- January 12: Edmund Burke, British statesman philosopher and politician († 1797)
- JANUARY 22: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German philosopher and poet († 1781)
- JANUARY 23: John le Francq van Berkhey Dutch naturalist, poet and painter († 1812)
- MARCH 16: Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen - Falkenburg - Dabo, Prussian Princess, grandmother of Queen Louise († 1818)
- April 13: Thomas Percy, English poet and Anglican Bishop († 1811)
- May 02: Catherine II, empress of Russia († 1796)
- May 03: Florian Leopold Gassmann, Austrian composer († 1774)
- MAY 12: Michael Freiherr von Melas, Austrian general († 1806)
Second half- year
- 03 August: Richard Caswell, American politician († 1789)
- 07 August: Franz von Furstenberg, German school reformer and university founder († 1811)
- AUGUST 30: Paul Karl Ernst von Bentheim- Steinfurt, German nobleman († 1780)
- AUGUST 31: Hans Jacob Mumenthaler, Swiss chemist and mechanic († 1813)
- August 31: Friedrich Martini, German physician and naturalist († 1778)
- September 04: Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, son and heir of Louis XV. († 1765 )
- September 06: Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher of the Enlightenment ( Haskalah ) ( † 1786)
- SEPTEMBER 25: Christian Gottlob Heyne, German professor of classical studies and librarian († 1812)
- October 01: Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German composer († 1777)
- October 23: Charles Grey, British general († 1807)
- November 04: William Bradford, American politician († 1808)
- November 11: Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator and writer († 1811)
- November 16: Giles Mary of St. Joseph, an Italian Franciscan, and Holy († 1812)
- NOVEMBER 17: God Help Traugott Zachariae, German Protestant theologian († 1777)
- NOVEMBER 17: Maria Antonia of Spain, Infanta of Spain and by marriage Queen of Sardinia - Piedmont († 1785 )
- December 03: Karl Friedrich Flögel, German cultural and literary historian († 1788)
- December 24: Manuel Abad y Lasierra, Spanish Bishop († 1806)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jigme Lingpa: important Dzogchen masters of the Buddhist Nyingma tradition of Vajrayana
- Ignatius Sancho, English composer and writer of African descent († 1780)
- March 21: John Law, Scottish economist (* 1671)
- May 04: Louis- Antoine de Noailles, French Cardinal Archbishop of Paris (* 1651)
- July 01: Gottlieb Werndorf the Elder, German Lutheran theologian and historian (* 1668)
- JULY 16: Johann David Heinichen, German composer and music theorist (* 1683)
- JULY 18: Joseph Karl von Pfalz- Sulzbach, Prince Palatine (* 1694 )
- 05 August: Thomas Newcomen, English inventor (* 1663 )
- August 11: Nicola Francesco Haym, Italian musician, composer and librettist (* 1678)