Penzhina Bay

Location of Penschinabusens

As Penschinabusen (Russian Пенжинская губа / Penschinskaja guba ) is the north-eastern extension of the great Shelikof Bay called, forms the northeastern part of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in Russia's Far East.

The 300 km long bay extends between the northern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east and the Taigonos peninsula in the west. On average, the bay is 65 km wide, between Cape Taigonos at the top of the peninsula and, situated opposite on the west coast of Kamchatka Cape Dalni and Cape Boschedomowa nearly 100 km. Approximately in the middle of the Penschinabusens protrude from the east and west peninsulas far into the bay, so that its width is only about 30 km. The Mametschinski Peninsula on the east coast between the northern Cape Mamet and the southern Cape, 30 km away Wodopadny rises with the mountain Bolshoi Mamet up to 990 m above sea level. The Jelistratow Peninsula on the west side is flatter ( to 475 m) but larger; their banks are more structured and more islands are offshore. The maximum water depth of Penschinabusens is at the level of the Cape Taigonos to 80 m, in a narrow channel between Mametschinski and Jelistratow peninsula 125 m.

In the inner part of the bay two major rivers, the eponymous Penzhina and a few kilometers south of the open Talowka. Other leading into the bay rivers (from west to east) are Kengewejem (or Gorelowka ) Talnawajam (or Aitschan ), Paren, Tylchoi and Mikina on the west side and Kuiwiwajam, Rekinniki and Pustaja on the east side.

The tidal range reached in Penschinabusen maximum values ​​for the entire Pacific Ocean and its dependent seas: an average of 9 m, erricht maximum 12.9 m. The bay freezes over between late October and April.

Administratively, the very sparsely populated coastal area around the Penschinabusen partly belongs Rajon Penschinski the Kamchatka region (before July 1, 2007 Koryak Autonomous District ). Here the only two villages are located near the coast of the Penschinabusens: Manily with over 900 inhabitants on the right bank of the Penzhina near its mouth and Paren with less than 100 inhabitants at the mouth of the same name, from the northwest opening into the Bay River. The uninhabited coast of the peninsula to Taigonos Penschinabusen belongs to Rajon Severo- Ewenski Oblast Magadan.

Because of the strong tidal got the Penschinabusen already in the Soviet period as a possible site for a huge tidal power plant into view. Depending on where a potential capacity of up to 87 gigawatts was calculated. In addition to technical problems and cost preventing especially the lack of infrastructure and potential energy customers in the field to implement such a project.