Pluto (mythology)

Pluton (Greek Πλούτων, Latin Pluto ) is in Greek and Roman mythology, the god of the dead world in the depths of the earth.


Pluton largely corresponds to Hades. With him was often equated Pluto, the god of the ( underground ) wealth. Whether and how the three - Hades, Pluto and Pluto - were originally distinguished, it can now be little more to say. Plato, for example, says, Pluton / Pluto was very positive to be seen as the giver of wealth, but Hades was the name of the invisible Hellcannon whose name the people did not dare to call and they therefore euphemistically called Pluton. A difference can moor in any case:

Unlike Hades Pluton was worshiped together with Demeter and Kore on various cultic. A sanctuary of the pluton is called Plutonion. It has therefore been suggested that Pluton of Eleusis ran out and that the spread of his cult was an expression of a new, corresponding to the message of the mysteries of God image. The epigraphic evidence of early Pluton cult have in any case to Attica and the surrounding area of Eleusis.

In Latin literature Pluto was a as the kidnapper of Proserpine ( = Greek Persephone ), embossing it had the design of the myth by Ovid. According to the Greek myth, Pluto was the ruler of the underworld, after Jupiter ( Greek: Zeus) their common father Saturn (Greek Kronos = ) wrested control of the world and with his older brothers Neptune ( Greek: Poseidon ) and Pluto had shared.

With Pluton often equated Roman underworld gods are Dis, Orcus and Eubuleus.