Qikiqtarjuaq (translated from Inuktitut: " Big Island "; former name: Broughton Iceland ), Nunavut Territory, is a community on its namesake island on the east coast of Baffin Island in the Davis Strait settlement with approximately 520 inhabitants (of which 91 % Inuit ). Because of the countless icebergs that pass by in unbroken succession predominantly as seracs of the Ilulissat glacier of Greenland over the Davis Strait and then south to Qikiqtarjuaq, the settlement is referred to as "Iceberg Capital of the World ".
The region was first settled about 4,000 years ago; People of the Thule culture, the immediate ancestors of the Inuit migrated about 1,000 years ago from Alaska and have left their mark. 1585 John Davis was the first European to here. Kivituq, 60 kilometers northwest of Qikiqtarjuaq located on the mainland, and Padloping Iceland, about 90 km to the south, then important anchorage for whaling ships were. Kivituq was abandoned until the mid- 1920s; Relics, such as a small cemetery are open to visitors.
By 1955 began construction of the DEW Line ( "Distant Early Warning Line " early warning system) came Inuit in search of work from the area of Kivituq and Padloping Iceland, but also further afield from Clyde River and Pangnirtung to Qikiqtarjuaq, whence explain spacious family relationships. 1960 established the Hudson 's Bay Company a warehouse. 1968 sparked the Canadian government, the traditional camps in Kivituq and Padloping Iceland and settled on all the inhabitants to enable Qikiqtarjuaq.
The island is an ideal base for backpackers and ski tours in the Auyuittuq National Park (north entrance ).