The ( also ) Radler is a beer mixed drink consisting of beer and lemonade. Originally it contained one half full beer dark and clear lemonade. Today, however, it is usually prepared with a light beer that has become more widespread. Some manufacturers also use a mixture of 60 % beer and 40 % lemonade. But " Dark Radler " in Bavaria is still popular, but must be ordered explicitly. In Germany, the cyclists must be ready mixed in bottles or cans after changing the beer tax law in 1993, which for the lemonade part also arises beer tax.
In German-speaking countries there are several different variants of the rider, which often also carry other names:
- In Switzerland, in the Saarland, in Italy and in France it is called Panaché (French for " mixed " ) and Germanized ( German Switzerland, Saarland ) Panasch written Panasche (without é ). In Switzerland still Panasch can also be ordered sour ( with mineral water instead of lemonade ).
- A common especially in Bavaria variant is the Russ or Russian. It consists of wheat beer and lemonade.
- A mixture of dark beer and raspberry lemonade is called in some regions of central Germany duck pond.
- In Austria is known for open drink the mixture of beer and root beer Almdudler as Almradler or simply as a biker. Already bottled at the brewery bottles contain unnamed lemonade. In Vorarlberg, a distinction between " sweet " ( with lemonade ) and " acid " (with mineral water) cyclists. The latter is otherwise referred to in Austria as a " soda - cyclists ". Beer mixed with cola diesel is sometimes called.
- In Northern Germany Pils is used and the mixture usually means Alsterwasser, short Alster, named after the supposed color of the eponymous hamburger waters.
- In Berlin, Brandenburg and the northern Saxony-Anhalt, the term Potsdam is used for short pot, but it is also true here in some differentiated variants, eg Radler beer with lemonade, Alster for beer with orange soda, diesel used for beer Cola and beer Injected with Fassbrause. The term derives from " Potsdamer rod " according to the cylindrical shape of the glasses, which should be different from the beer glass. Thus, the term is understood rod for mixing "half - beer -half lemonade ."
- In the Ruhr, a distinction by using the lemonade variety between cyclists (colorless lemonade ) and Alsterwasser ( orange soda ).
- On the Lower Rhine, a mixture of dark beer and cola is called Krefeld.
- In some regions, the Münster region beer is mixed with orange soda and called Wurstwasser. Probably this name is related to the color of the water, are inserted into the sausages together.
- Sometimes you will also find the terms cyclists sour and dry cyclists who describe a mixture of beer and mineral water.
The term Radler is now also used for mixed beer drinks in non-German speaking European countries, such as France (brand Pelforth ), Belgium (brand Maes ), the Netherlands (brand Amstel ), Croatia, Poland (brand Warka ), Russia, Slovakia (Trade stone and Steiger ), Serbia (brand Pils Plus), Slovenia ( brand Union ), Lithuania (brand Utenos ), Czech Republic ( brand Zlatopramen ), Hungary and Ukraine (brand Browar ), Portugal (brand Sagres ), Finland (brand Fosters ). Outside Europe Radler sold In Brazil (brand Kaiser).
In the catering industry, the glass is often first then filled halfway with lemonade and beer. This has the advantage that it foams less and filling faster. However, as the mixing is poor, since beer has a lower density than lemonade and stops as above. When pouring the beer as the first results in a complete mixing of itself
Maybe the cyclist was invented in the late 19th century in one of the most social democratic embossed bicycle clubs. The Bavarian writer Lena Christ mentioned in her book Memoirs of a superfluous from 1912 the serving of "bike size". As the story described dates back to the year 1900, the cyclist has at that time already exists.
Thus, a widespread popular history has proven to be invented, after which the cyclist to have been invented in 1922 by Franz Xaver Kugler, the host named after him Kugler Alm, a predominantly frequented by cyclists Ausflugsgaststätte in Oberhaching in the south of Munich. Thus, Kugler threatened on a Saturday in June 1922 assumed due to the large demand, the beer, and he mixed it in half with lemonade and the drink had served its guests as " shandy ". This story probably more guests should be enticed to Kugler Alm.