Richard Kandt

Richard Kandt ( born December 17, 1867 in Poznan, † April 29, 1918 in Nuremberg, originally Kantorowicz ) was a German physician and explorer of Africa.


Since 1887 member of the fraternity Rhenaniastraße - Munich, Richard Kandt later worked as a psychiatrist in Bayreuth and Munich. Between 1897 and 1907 he explored the northwestern German East Africa in 1908 and resident of the Government of Rwanda, where he founded Kigali. Kandt is a highly respected person in Rwanda today. In his home in Kigali a natural history museum has been set up, there shall be informed in a room about him.

Richard Kandt discovered in 1898 in Rwanda's Nyungwe Forest one of the sources of the Nile. In his work, Caput Nili Kandt reported, from 1899 to 1901 he devoted himself to the study of Kiwusees.

Since about 1900, he was a close friend of the writer Richard Voss, in his " Memoirs " (1922 ) he occupies a wide space. Kandt died on 29 April 1918 in a military hospital in Nuremberg suffered from the consequences of the First World War gas poisoning.


  • Caput Nili - a sentimental journey to the sources of the Nile. Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin, 1904, 6.ergänzte Edition 1921
  • Soul sounds. Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin, 1918. Poems, published posthumously by Franz Stuhlmann.