Salt is a city in the province of Girona the autonomous region of Catalonia in north-west Spain, with 30 247 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013). It is one of the most densely populated municipality of the comarca Gironès.
- 4.1 City Council election
- 4.2 mayoral election
- 6.1 downtown [ Edit]
Salt is on the river Ter, which flows through the city from west to east, close to the city of Girona. It is the second largest municipality in the city of Girona.
The first inhabitants of the region were probably the Iberians. The region over which ruled the Visigoths would, conquered by the Moors in the 7th century. In the year 785 the city of Girona Karl was the Great - in the immediate vicinity of Salt - captured and taken to one of the fourteen original counties of Catalonia (see also County Girona). The region around Girona was founded in 793 by Hisham I, Emir of Córdoba sacked and depopulated.
For the first time, is mentioned in the year 823, in one of the oldest document of the region Salt ( Salto ). For the origin of the name Salt, there are two hypotheses: The first hypothesis derives from Salt from the Spanish word "Salto " for waterfall. In Italic the word Salto also means "waterfall height of a mill ", thus Salt would be a place where a water mill would operate. According to the second hypothesis, the name Salt is ( Saltu ) for a place that was traded on the salt ( 1166, 1182, 1245, 1305, 1362 ... ).
During the Middle Ages the church had an exclusively rural. The population lived in Masias, typical of the region of Catalonia farmhouses along the Acequia del Monars. The region was dominated by agriculture until the 18th century, the population of Salt remained very small.
In the 19th century, several textile factories settled along the irrigation canal Acequia del Monars. In 1910 was Joan de Coma i Cros sole owner of all three textile mills in Salt, which heralded a fundamental reform of the industrial infrastructure of 1910-1923: Called here is the expansion of the textile factory Coma i Cros, today the ERAM College seat for new media and the construction of the power station Montfullà.
In the period of the Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War, the community experienced a remarkable cultural phase, with the publications El Poble de Salt (1930) and L' amic del poble ( 1931). In addition, the anarchism in Salt consolidated. Before taking the city many fled republic loyal inhabitants to France. After taking the city on February 4, 1939 by Franco's troops anarcho-syndicalism in Salt was brutally ended by repressive measures.
Through the construction of residential quarters for workers from Andalusia and Extremadura, without parks or green spaces, quality of life decreased from 1974 in Salt dramatically. In 1975, during the fascist reign of Franco, Salt was amalgamated with the city of Sarria de Ter in the city of Girona. In 1983, Salt was, after an intense struggle for the public corporation, again independently and again separated from the municipality of Girona.
Population development of the city of Salt
The population of Salt grew in the twentieth century from 2,000 to over 20,000 residents and is today the most densely populated region of the municipal bond Girona ( 4249 persons per km ², according to data from 2004). The cause was mainly the good prosperity of the textile industry. Due to the influx of workers from Andalusia and Extremadura, the population rose from 1960 to 1970 from 7,077 to 11,467. Until the beginning of the century, the population further increased to 22,017 by a further influx of workers from Morocco ( 4852 inhabitants), Gambia (1780 ) and Latin America. Due to the non negligible Wegzuges the local population and the influx of foreign workers was the number of residents with foreign citizenship especially in the last 10 years - according to the daily El Pais - 10% (2000) to 43 % (2010) increase.
Incorporation of the city of Salt. In the body of public law right of the city of Girona from 1975 to March 3, 1983
City council election
Neighboring communities of Salt Girona, in addition to the municipalities of Sant Gregori, Bescanó and Vilablareix.
The city of Salt praised Willy Brandt, former President of the Socialist International for his services by naming the street " Carrer de Willy Brandt".
Downtown [ Edit]
Worth seeing are the many monuments of Salt.
Since 2010, trains the House of Crafts, by a resolution of the City Council, young people in different craft categories. The first course began with 30 young people between 16 and 24 years without ESO 's degree. Goal is to qualify the young people for trades workers and their integration into the regular labor market.
Economy and infrastructure
Salt is the home of specialized off-road motorcycles manufacturer Gas Gas Motos Sat The product range of the company Gas Gas Motos Sa with around 350 employees includes off-road motorcycles for the disciplines of Trial, Motocross, Enduro, Supermoto and quads. 2005 the market share in Europe at the trial motorcycles and 40.8% in two-stroke enduro motorcycles was 28.8 %.
Also cycling is promoted in Salt by creating an extensive network of cycle paths. In addition, through the floodplain of Salt runs a privileged part of the traffic-free cycle path Via Verde del Carrilet. The railway line cycle path follows over a distance of 55 km of the old and disused in 1969 narrow-gauge railway from Girona to Olot.
Salt is also served by the international airport of Girona, which is just 8 km south of Salt on the AP7 motorway.
- Germany Lingen ( Ems), Lower Saxony, Germany
- Quilalí Nicaragua, Nicaragua
Sons and daughters of the town
- Carles de Camps i Olzinellas (1860-1939), engineer and Catalan regional politicians
- Jaume Roca i Delpech (1910-1968), painter and musician
- Adrià Puntí (1963 ), musician, former lead singer of the group Oumpah -Pah
- Agustí Cabruja i Auguet (1911-1983), Catalan writer
- José Antonio Escuredo (1970), former Spanish racing cyclist
- Delfí Geli (1969 ), footballer
- Francesc Vilardell i Gratacós (1828-1889), textile industrialist