SS Oceanic (1965)

The Oceanic in Helsinki

  • Royale Oceanic
  • The Big Red Boat 1

Germanischer Lloyd

IMO: 5260679

The Oceanic was built in 1965 in Italy regular passenger and cruise ship. The Oceanic was one of the last designed for the transatlantic passenger service line ships and was prior to scrapping the last surviving Italian representative of this ship species. Your shipbuilding importance lies particularly in the variety of design innovations that were later standard.


The ship was laid on 29 October 1961 as hull number 1876, the Italian shipyard Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico in Monfalcone on Kiel. The client was the passenger shipping company Home Lines, which awarded its first construction contract with the Oceanic. Was designed the ship to the summer to commute on regular service to Cuxhaven, Le Havre and Southampton to Canada and to be used in winter on cruises. In the delivery of the ship on 31 March 1965, the beginning of the 1960s, rapidly growing passenger air traffic had let the number of passengers the liner shipping already as far as shrink that an economic use on the Atlantic route could not be guaranteed. Home Lines Oceanic sat instead on cruises from New York to the Caribbean one.

After more than two decades at Home Lines, the shipping company Premier Cruise Line acquired the ship in 1985. The new owners named it first in Royale Oceanic around, put it after an extensive overhaul in 1986 but when StarShip Oceanic for short cruises from Port Canaveral one.

In 2000 the ship for a short time was operated under the name Big Red Boat I and used for low-cost trips to the Bahamas. In September of the year was the ship in Freeport, Bahamas, chained, as the shipping company ran into financial difficulties. After the bankruptcy of Premier Spanish tour operator Pullmantur Cruises took over the ship on 30 December 2000, and gave him back his old name Oceanic. By early 2009, the ship for Pullmantur, which were acquired by Royal Caribbean International in 2006, remained on Mediterranean cruises going. In March 2009, the Japanese Peace Boat organization acquired the ship and in April it was registered to the owner Japan Grace.

In June 2012, the Oceanic arrived for scrapping in China Zhoushan. Since May 2012 replaced the chartered Pullmantur Ocean Dream the Oceanic as a Japanese " Peace Boat ".

Equipment and technology

Due to the design of the Oceanic was designed to promote regular service up to 1600 passengers in two classes. In addition to 230 passengers of the first class could be carried in 500 cabins in tourist class further 1370 people. On cruises the capacity was 1200 people.

Apart from the usual areas, such as two large cinemas, theaters, etc. were some of the guests at that time newly designed areas are available. The as " Lido " designated pool area was centered on the top deck was completely glazed and could be completely open depending on weather conditions up. Similarly, all promenade decks were completely glazed. The large dining room was in turn due to the lack of structural supports from the frame. The lifeboats were different than usual in the past, placed far below instead on one of the highest decks.

The ship was characterized also characterized by another remarkable ship architectural design detail. The decks reported in the passenger area, so on over the greater part of the ship is not sheer and no bars bay. Therefore, they are flat and parallel to the water line, in the early 1960s a novelty in the construction of passenger ships.

Much of the innovation was already being considered by the engineers Pieterse shipyard Koninklijke Maatschappij " De Schelde " and William Vandesteel at a 1955 project conducted a passenger ship new building for Aristotle Onassis, but realized only at the Oceanic.

The Oceanic had a turbo mechanical drive system, which consisted of two sets of CRDA - Alfa- geared turbines. In this design, the steam turbine and the downstream reduction and reversing gear form a unit. Four Foster -Wheeler water tube boiler at a pressure of 55 bar, with which the turbines were operated with superheated steam superheater generated. The transmission reduced the speed of the turbine from 5,500 rpm to a comparatively high propeller speed of 1.150/min at which the ship reached a speed of over 27 knots. The power supply to the vessel was about three main generator sets, two wave generators and two emergency generators.