The Super-G ( short for. " Super Giant Slalom ", dt Super G ) is a discipline in alpine skiing and grass skiing.
The Super-G is after the exit the second fastest discipline in Alpine skiing. The route is shorter than the downhill, but technically demanding. There are considerably more goals, which are also set close.
The difference in height at the Super -G race of Men in the World Cup, in the Continental Cup, World Championships and Olympic Games is at least 500 m and a maximum of 650 m. Among women at least 400 m and a maximum of 600 m There must be at least 35 or 30 goals are set, the minimum distance shall be 25 m. In contrast to the exit no training runs will take place; the runners can visit the track on race day, but not busy. The Super-G will be played in a single run.
The World Federation FIS put on the 2003/ 04 season through the first minimum lengths for the skis in the super-G race firmly.
The Super-G was introduced by the FIS, on the one hand to be able to offer an additional speed - discipline, on the other hand to steer the giant slalom back to a strict course of gates and thus in a more technically oriented direction. The first World Cup race in the new discipline was held in Val d'Isere on 12 December 1982. Winner was the Swiss Peter Müller. The first World Cup races took place in 1987 in Crans-Montana. It won Pirmin Zurbriggen and Maria Walliser. The first Olympic champion was in 1988 Franck Piccard and Sigrid Wolf.
Hermann Maier of Austria 's most successful super-G driver of all time. He won 24 races and won 5 times the discipline standings and became world champion and Olympic champion. Another specialist Kjetil André Aamodt was the Norwegians. He succeeded in 1992, winning the 2002 and 2006 Olympic gold.
The Super-G is the latest and fastest discipline in grass skiing. It was the first time in 1987 at the World Championship program. Unlike Slalom and Giant Slalom Super -G will be decided in only one run. Departures as in alpine skiing will not be discharged due to lack of suitable slopes, but there are efforts to carry out so-called sprint runs. The height difference of a Super G piste is at World Championships and World Cup races for men 120 to 180 meters (in exceptional cases only minimal 100 meters) and for women 110 to 150 meters (in exceptional cases only 90 meters). For all other FIS competitions the difference in height should be 90 to 150 meters. The number of changes of direction is about one tenth of the height difference, so for example, 10 changes of direction at 100 meters difference in altitude. The starting order is determined by the FIS points. The 15 top ranked runners in the FIS ranking be drawn against the front grid positions, all other start in the order of their FIS points. Before the race, there is a tour of the course.