Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest

Mixed forest is a predominantly colloquial term that refers to forests that contain deciduous and coniferous trees together. From an ecological point of view, provided that each species is sufficiently available to take on a species-specific role in the ecosystem. The Forest Management Plan speaks of mixed stands, once the incorporation is at least 5 %. Lower admixtures are considered as ecologically insignificant and therefore not taken into account.

Mixed forests can be divided into mixed deciduous forests, in which occur predominantly or exclusively different tree species, and in mixed coniferous forests, in which occur predominantly or exclusively different conifer species.

In forestry and vegetation science, the term mixed forest without further additions will rarely use. Instead, more accurate terms such as English oak- hornbeam forest or alder-ash riparian forest are used (see also forest communities of central Europe ).

The term mixed stand is used as a contrast to the pure stand. Here no distinction between deciduous and coniferous trees is carried out.