50.263333333333 - 5.05Koordinaten: 50 ° 16 ' N, 5 ° 3' W
Truro ( Cornish Truru or Tryverow ) is the administrative headquarters of the English county of Cornwall, and the southernmost city of the United Kingdom, which carries the title of City.
The city has 19 134 inhabitants ( 2010).
Truro is located in the heart of Cornwall, at the confluence of the rivers Kenwyn and Allen, which form the River Truro.
The area around Truro has been inhabited since the Iron Age, as evidenced by finds at Carvossa. In the 12th century, the time of King Henry II, Richard de Luci built a castle on the spot where now stands the Court of Truro. Remains of the Norman castle were discovered there a few years ago during excavations.
In the 14th century Truro was already grown into an important port city and also one of the five Zinnbergwerksstädte in Cornwall. Queen Elizabeth I gave Truro in the 16th century, the city rights. At this time controlled Truro and the port of Falmouth and was a thriving place.
Industrialization began in Truro one in the 17th and 18th centuries. Liquid tin, iron foundries, potteries and tanneries settled in the city. As in the 18th and 19th century rose tin prices, Truro flourished. The city 's nickname 'London of Cornwall " was awarded in 1876 it was declared by the " Bishopric of Truro bill " a bishopric. It was the first bishop of the city, Edward White Benson, who gave the decisive impetus for the construction of the Cathedral of Truro. 1877 Queen Victoria gave the town the status of a City, and three years later the cathedral was begun with the construction.
- Truro is especially known for its Gothic cathedral, which was completed in 1910 ( 1880-1910 ).
- Also located in the city, the Royal Cornwall Museum, the oldest museum in Cornwall.
Above the town is the private school Truro School.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Samuel Foote (1720-1777), actor and playwright
- Michael Adams ( b. 1971 ), chess grandmaster
- Matthew Etherington ( born 1981 ), football player
A global name Truro was a namesake of the famous steam locomotive: On May 9, 1904, the "City of Truro " the Great Western Railway broke through on a test drive for the first time the limit of 100 English miles per hour ( 160 km / h).
If you do not count Georgia to Europe, is now cultivated in Europe tea only on the Azores island of São Miguel, in Truro.