Urban park

The People's Garden or City Garden and spa garden design is a form of the park, which emerged at the end of the 18th century and was further developed at the end of the 19th century public park or city park. In practical application, the terms are not necessarily used as clear-cut as in theory.

Purpose of folk gardens and public parks is to provide the population in urban areas, access to nature and places of recreation. To their issues heard that they occur there is usually (have ) where can not be grounds lower land value ( of flood or rutschungsgefährdete terrains, feudal residual green, outdated infrastructure complexes, etc.) better utilize and / or the demand of the population for better green supply can be met in the simplest way.

The People's Garden

The design idea of ​​people's gardens emerged in Germany at the end of the 18th century. It is still based on the oriented to aesthetic criteria garden art and has been theoretically developed by Christian Cay Lorenz Hirschfeld and refined by Friedrich Ludwig Sckell about Peter Joseph to Gustav Meyer, but froze in schematically planned formalisms.

For recreation, education and the education of the urban population parks were created by local side, but also by the respective sovereigns throughout the German-speaking countries. In addition to forest and meadow areas and ponds, water features, resting places, monuments and pavilions were added created. Originally it was mostly to feudal (hunting ) Parks that have been opened to the public by enlightened rulers ( as in the case of the Wiener Prater and Augarten ), in a later episode to specially created installations (example Englischer Garten, Munich).

The People's Park

The idea of ​​a public park built in the late 19th century from the criticism of the concept of the Public Garden. The new conception marks the transition from the highly oriented to aesthetic criteria for modern garden design, user-oriented landscape design and landscape planning.

New at the public park idea was especially addressing the needs of the urban population by play and exercise room, not only for civilized walking and use of a few provided entertainment places. Typical of central public park, large and contiguous, walkable play and sports areas, corresponding to a reduced network of paths (for example, Leberecht Migge also Authorize possibly resulting dirt tracks ).

Well-known designer of the first public parks, for example, Fritz Schumacher and Fritz Encke, other designers were Ferdinand Tutenberg, Leberecht Migge Harry Maasz.

Size comparison of urban green spaces

List of folk and urban gardens

Selection of representative folk and city gardens in the German speaking countries ( according to today's designation, then by city)

People's gardens

  • Klosterbergegarten Magdeburg
  • People's Garden Dusseldorf
  • People's Garden Kray ( food)
  • People's Garden ( Köln)
  • People's Garden Leipzig
  • People's Garden ( Linz)
  • People's Garden Mengede
  • People's Garden ( Mönchengladbach )
  • People's Garden Munich
  • People's Garden Osterfeld
  • People's Garden ( Salzburg)
  • People's Garden Vienna
  • People's Garden ( Graz)

People's park

  • In Bavaria People's Park dozen pond
  • People's Park Marienberg
  • People's Park Friedrichshain
  • Hasenheide Park
  • Humboldthain Park
  • People's Park Jung Fernheide
  • People's Park Köpenick
  • The public park
  • People's Park Prenzlauer Berg
  • Rehberge Park
  • Public park Wilmersdorf
  • Wuhlheide park
  • Altona People's Park
  • Fritz Encke public park in Cologne- Raderthal
  • People Marl in Marl
  • Imperial garden at Schloss Oberhausen in Oberhausen
  • Rhine Park Golzheim in Dusseldorf - Golzheim
  • Lützeler People's Park in Koblenz- Luetzel
  • People's Park Kaiserslautern in Kaiserslautern
  • Mainzer public park in Mainz
  • Marianne Park in Leipzig- Schönefeld
  • People's Park Westerhüsen in Magdeburg
  • People's Park Oberaue

Urban gardens and city parks

  • Grüneburgpark in Frankfurt
  • Stadtpark Bochum
  • Dortmund city garden
  • Large garden (Dresden)
  • City Garden Food
  • City Park Fürth
  • City park Gütersloh
  • Grove city park in the south of Bamberg
  • Hamburg City Park and City Park Harburg in Hamburg
  • Stadtpark Hannover
  • City Park Kempten
  • City Garden Cologne
  • Rotehornpark Magdeburg
  • City Park New World Memmingen
  • Pasing park in the west of Munich
  • City Park Nuremberg
  • City Park Regensburg
  • Tórshavn city park in the capital of the Faroe Islands
  • Vienna City Park