Catholic, Luterbach (SO) and Tafers where his ancestors settled since the mid-19th century. His parents are Viktor, electrical inspector, and Berthe born Fougere, a housewife. He is the oldest of four children. In 1982 he married Barbara Aebischer. The couple has three children and lives in Tafers.
After primary school in Tafers Urs Schwaller attended St. Michael's College, where he learned the French language and the graduation was. He studied law at the University of Freiburg in 1976 and put his licentiate. In parallel to an internship in a law firm in Freiburg, he continued his studies in order to lock them in 1981 with a doctorate. In the same year he received his patent attorney.
In 1982, Urs Schwaller opted for the civil service. He was Head of Department in the then headed by Rémi Brodard judicial, police and military directorate. Four years later, in May 1986, he was elected chief official of the Sense district and excelled in this office by his performance from.
Urs Schwaller was bailiff of the Sense district from 1986 to 1991 1991., He ran for the State Council. In the first round of voting on 17 November 1991, he recovered 34 % of the vote, down for the second round of voting in the first place. On December 8, he was elected by his party colleague Michel Pittet and Augustin Macheret who, like him a candidate for the first time in the State Council. The first important dossier, for which he is responsible, concerned the municipal autonomy. It was to bring the prepared by Hans Baechler draft financial statements and submitted to the people. This took him on 16 February 1992, a clear majority (79 % of the vote ) to. In 1995, the Great Council adopted the Law on the agglomerations was entered with the territory in Switzerland. 1996 candidate Urs Schwaller with brilliant success for another government mandate, and was elected on the first ballot from November 17 over all other competitors with 61 % of votes. From its predecessor Felicien Morel, as a captain in the army, he took over the finance office and led its restructuring policy of the Canton finances. He fought the legislative initiative for a better distribution of the tax burden, the massive 77 % of the vote rejecting the people on 28 September 1997.
Between 1992 and 2003 Schwaller was Freiburger State Council, first as Director of Interior and Agriculture, from 1996 as Finance Director. In the 2003 elections Schwaller was elected to the Swiss Council of States, representing the canton of Fribourg. As part of its mandate is Schwaller member of the Finance Committee and the Political Council of States and President of the Commission on Social Security and health. In addition, he is a member of the Committee on Finance.
In 2001, Urs Schwaller applied for a third term. Of the eleven candidates of the Independent Pascal Chésopelloz was only elected on 11 November in the first ballot. The finance director was at the head of candidates for the second round, and was finally appointed on 20 November following the withdrawal of various candidates with the other five who remained in silent choice.
After Smartvote Schwaller is a more moderate, cautious, conservative politicians. The foreign policy of Switzerland, and opening of the economic liberalization he is not hostile to, but critically, carefully and approved it goes to environmental issues of social policy and social liberalization on. Something clearly positioning itself for the maintenance of law and order.
The Federal Council elections in 2007, he had moved as a possible candidate to the Federal national spotlight. Even with the Federal election in 2009, his name has been put back into play. Because he was considered Sensler but German-speaking Freiburger, is mainly challenged by the FDP that he could occupy as required for the Latin Switzerland seat adequately. On September 8, 2009, he was officially nominated by his group for the Federal Council. He was defeated in the fourth round, Didier Burkhalter, after leading the first three rounds of voting. Schwaller got 106 out of 239 valid votes.