VEB Robotron

The VEB Kombinat Robotron was a combine in the field of the Ministry of Electrical Engineering and Electronics of the GDR. The word " Robotron " is a portmanteau composed of the word robot parts and electronics.

The writing under registered number DD641673 to deletion on 20 December 2002 was robotron a registered trademark of the Combine Robotron. The successor company BuS Electronics Riesa and Robotron Datenbank Software Dresden secured the word mark rights to the logo in different spellings, where in 2012 the brand of the company Riesaer was deleted. The word - figurative trade mark " robotron ®" is a registered trademark of Robotron education and consulting center of Leipzig.


Precursor of the Combine Robotron was formed in 1958 VVB office equipment, which was renamed in 1964 VVB data processing and office equipment. As part of this cooperation Association of mainframe Robotron 300 was produced, its development from VEB Electronic calculating machines from Karl -Marx- Stadt (now Chemnitz) started and was manufactured by VEB Rafena Radeberg. From the VVB DuB were under the New Economic System of Planning and Management, centrally initiated the industrial restructuring of the GDR, formed the Kombinat Robotron and the Combine Zentronik on 1 April 1969. As parent company of Robotron and seat of the combine line first, the television station Rafena was used in Radeberg. The early 1970s was in Dresden the new Robotron - terrain Pirnaischer place at the Leningrad (today St. Petersburg street ), between Pirnaischer Place and George Square opposite the Neues Rathaus completed. In addition, the construction of a new production plant on the ground Straße in Dresden- Gruna and new buildings were added to the field offices in Riesa, Karl- Marx-Stadt and Hoyerswerda. With the reallocation of tasks and production facilities combine the line was laid in 1970 with a majority of the production of computer technology to Dresden.

On 1 January 1978, the Combine Zentronik was dissolved and its operations, including the booking engines work of Karl -Marx-Stadt (formerly Astra -Werke ) and the office machine work Sömmerda (formerly Rheinmetall Sömmerda ) and the typewriter work with the Erika production ( Seidel & Naumann former ), incorporated into the VEB Kombinat Robotron.

The Combine was largely responsible for the development, production and distribution of electronic data processing systems, small -and micro- computers, personal computers, process computers, control computers for communications switching systems and associated operating systems, standard application software, and software technologies in the GDR next to the combine microelectronics Erfurt.


Main products of the Combine Robotron were

  • Mean EDVA Robotron 300 ( model IBM 1401 )
  • Small and process computer R 4000, R 4200 (Honeywell series 16)
  • ESER Electronic Data Processing Equipment EC 1040, EC 1055, EC 1056, EC 1057 (IBM System/360, System/370 ),
  • Minicomputer and supermini computer K 1600 (DEC PDP -11 ), K 1840 ( VAX 11/780 ), K 1820 ( MicroVAX II)
  • Office and personal computer A 5120, PC 1715, A 7100, A 7150, A 5105 BIC, EC 1834 (IBM XT), EC 1835 (IBM AT),
  • OEM microcomputer systems K 1510 K 1520 K 1700

There were typewriters, printers and plotters as well as measuring, radio relay and communications technology. The scope also included the development and production of equipment for the production and for the testing of electronic components and devices, as well as the production of a range of consumer electronics products such as home or small computer (Z 9001, KC 85/1, KC 87 ), selected radio and portable televisions.

Furthermore, developed and manufactured Robotron and military electronic systems for the domestic and international market, including automatic chemical agent detector devices and the radiation measurement system KSMG1.

In the 1980s, Robotron obtained also for the West German market significance by peripherals such as printers have been delivered for home computers. These were available, for example under the name of President ( Federal Republic of Germany ) and Samelco (USA). Also, much of the typewriters were sold in the West, mostly on mail-order company. It has established a partnership with the West German branch of Commodore, for the Robotron the mechanism for the rapid Typenraddrucker CBM CBM 8028 and 8229 produced, while the electronics of a West German company and the firmware from Commodore came himself.

In 1989, the workforce of 68,000 employees combine, the number of holdings 21 and the turnover was 12.8 billion GDR marks.

The first Director General was Siegfried appurtenances (1969-1973), he was succeeded by Wolfgang Sieber ( 1973-1982 ). The last was General Friedrich Wokurka ( 1982-1990 ).

Enterprises of the combine

The Kombinat Robotron was the beginning of 1990 from the following establishments were added business divisions and operating units ( with supply function) in other 64 places in the GDR as well as commercial and service offices in 28 countries.

  • VEB Robotron Elektronik Dresden - parent company of the VEB Kombinat Robotron
  • VEB Robotron - Projekt Dresden - Leading Company for Software Production
  • VEB Robotron - rationalization Weimar
  • VEB Robotron - office machine work " Ernst Thalmann " Sömmerda
  • VEB Robotron booking engines work of Karl -Marx-Stadt
  • VEB Robotron - Optima office machine work Erfurt
  • VEB Robotron Elektronik Radeberg
  • VEB Robotron Elektronik Zella- Mehlis
  • VEB Robotron measurement electronics "Otto Schön " Dresden
  • VEB Robotron - electronics and drawing technique Bad Liebenswerda
  • VEB Robotron Elektronik Riesa
  • VEB Robotron Elektronik Hoyerswerda
  • VEB Robotron Elektroschaltgeräte Auerbach
  • VEB Robotron - Gold Arrow magnetic head factory Hartmann village
  • VEB Robotron - REMA Stollberg
  • VEB Robotron - lightweight steel Pirna
  • VEB Robotron - Sales Berlin - Leading Company for Sales and Service
  • VEB Robotron - sales Erfurt
  • VEB Robotron Office Technology Karl- Marx-Stadt
  • VEB Robotron Leipzig Plant
  • Robotron Export-Import - state-owned foreign trade operation

The Kombinat Robotron maintained cooperative relations with the state combines microelectronics Erfurt, Carl Zeiss Jena, radio and television technology Staßfurt and the Central Institute of Cybernetics and Information Processes of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR and the section of computer science at the TU Dresden.

The 1990 required by the Monetary, Economic and Social Union transformation process to adapt to the market conditions in the industry led to major changes. The Combine as economic governing body was dissolved as of 1 July 1990, converted the former Kombinat holdings in corporations with the THA was the sole shareholder. The international comparison significantly lower productivity of farms allowed generally not cost-covering sales for such products. This resulted in the following years to liquidate the former Kombinat businesses. The transaction was led by former members of the Bundestag Hermann Fellner.

Successor companies

Chance were operating parts, especially for intelligence -intensive intangible benefits, as a joint venture or management buy -out (MBO) hived off.

  • CSD computer software services Chemnitz, now IBM Global Services, IT Services and Solutions GmbH ( 1 July 2008 IBM GmbH ITS )
  • CSP computer service partner Berlin, since June 1, 2008 renamed the csg under the name IBM Germany Customer Support Services GmbH, csg Computer Service Company GmbH
  • WBI training Society for Information Technology Berlin, now IBM Global Services, Educational site Berlin
  • SRS software and system house Dresden until 2008, SAP Systems Integration, in connection risen in the SAP Germany AG & Co. KG
  • Robotron Datenbank Software GmbH, Dresden
  • CVU project, Berlin
  • CVU Office and Technology, Berlin
  • Robotron education and counseling center GmbH, Leipzig
  • Ascota -IT GmbH, Chemnitz
  • Robotron Network Systems GmbH, Leipzig

Of the 68,000 employees of the combine so only less than five percent were able to change in sector-related successor company. However, the potential of highly skilled workers promoted the following companies settle in the Dresden area ( Silicon Saxony ), in Sömmerda, in Chemnitz and other locations.