Village (United States)
The term Village (English for village) is used as an indicator of the political and geographical structure in parts of the United States.
The term Village is explained in this article for the following 25 U.S. states. The list may be incomplete. In the following, the states are called, in which the term Village has a formal ( official, administrative ) importance, however, occasionally differs:
- Three states, Idaho, Minnesota and Oklahoma explicitly possess no official Villages.
- Two States known as Special Areas Villages, namely Maine and New Hampshire
- Alaska referred to the settlements of the indigenous people (Inuit, Indians) as Villages.
- In Maryland, the term has different meanings.
- In four countries Villages exist as spatially - administrative management units (about a German municipality (ie, city or municipality) accordingly), with such a Village not significantly different from designated administrative units ( Town, City ) takes off. This applies to Delaware, Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina.
- In eight countries consist Villages as spatial- administrative management units (about a German community accordingly), but which differ primarily by the size, in terms of population, of other administrative units: Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Texas, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
- In the four states of Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Oregon a Village is primarily a particular form of communal self-government.
- In Michigan, a village is part of a township, but has limited local self-government.
- In Vermont Villages are appointed as territorial subunits typical of the New England states towns which must not be confused with small towns in other parts of the United States that are designated by the same term.
Formal and informal use
In the United States the term Village is informal and partly used as a term for the part of formal- legal. Unofficially, it refers to a type of administrative divisions. Formally referred to as a result of federal responsibilities for local and regional government, a diverse picture of formal- legal types of a Village. The individual states are free as a result of the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States to designate administrative units as Village or refrain from it. What a Village then is exactly how it differentiates itself and defined, is left to the states. In most cases one village, apart from administrative details, roughly a German community. This makes it more than just a village.
Villages in different U.S. states
In the following states of the United States of America, the term Village is a formal- legal use as a term for a political - geographic or administrative unit, usually one of the lowest level administrative unit.
While municipalities are not referred to in Alaska as Village, this designation is there to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act in accordance with use as the name of the settlements of the indigenous population.
Get communities in Delaware either the status of a city, a town or a village. In this they differ neither geographically, demographically and still not functional in a significant way from each other. A Village in Delaware has not necessarily had a mayor ( mayor ), such as the municipality Village of Arden.
In Florida communities either Citys, Towns or Villages are called. These differ from each other hardly legally.
All communities in Idaho are called urbanization, although the designations Town and Village are occasionally used in municipal statutes. From 125 inhabitants, a settlement to the competent County may request to get the status of a city ( City).
Communities in Illinois are referred to as city, town or village. Between these there are no differences for the U.S. Census Bureau. Nevertheless, a Village differs in the structure and the minimum size in terms of number of residents considerably from one city ( City, Town). Cities need at least 2,500 inhabitants include. Then they can be a city ( City ) by referendum. From 25,000 inhabitants, is a city automatically receives the rights and obligations of a "home -rule government". Illinois admits these cities extraordinarily far-reaching freedoms in the taxation of its citizens. Structurally, Village and City distinguished by the shape of the municipal council. One Village in Illinois usually has a community leader and one director nominated by the board of trusties him. On the other hand, the cities have a mayor ( Mayor ) and an elected city council.
Municipalities in Louisiana are classified as measured by the size of population, as follows:
- 5000 inhabitants and more: City
- 1001-4999 Population: Town
- 1000 inhabitants or less: Village.
Maine shares its municipalities into three types. Administrative units, as they are also registered by the Census Bureau as hot Municipality City, Town or Plantation. A City is an administrative unit with special legislation. They are made out of other administrative units.
For cities, it is to be managed by a "home -rule government" possible. The concept of the Village takes place within the bodies use in the so-called Village Corporations. These differ as a " special-purpose districts" of other local governments, which are commonly referred to as General -Purpose District. As Specal -Purpose District to correspond formally as school districts.
Michigan State Constitution was originally designed for a sparsely populated agricultural region. These townships were introduced as a primary form of local self-government, until towns were out, which were removed from the townships and full local autonomy were given. Villages are limited self (home rule ) districts within the townships.
In Vermont, as in the other New England states, the states are divided into towns, which correspond approximately to the concept elsewhere used the Township. But Vermont is the only New England state in which there is within the Towns Villages that have limited local self-government. The responsibilities of a Village within its Town are individually determined by a charter, which must be confirmed by the Parliament of the State of Vermont.