Yuri Shaporin

Yuri Alexandrovich Shaporin (Russian Юрий Александрович Шапорин; * 27 Oktoberjul / November 8 1887greg in Hluchiw, Ukraine, .. † December 9, 1966 in Moscow) was a Russian composer.


Shaporin, the son of a painter, turned late to the music. He studied philology in Kiev and received by the way his first lessons in composition. From 1908 to 1912 he studied in Saint Petersburg jurisprudence. It was not until 1913 he began to study composition at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, among others with Maximilian Steinberg and Nikolai Tcherepnin, which he completed in 1918. Then he initially worked primarily as a theater conductor in Leningrad. In 1936 he finally moved to Moscow and in 1939 professor of composition at the Conservatory. Among his students Yevgeny Svetlanov and Rodion Shchedrin. He was in the Soviet Composers' Union from its inception very active. Shaporin received three times the Stalin Prize and was named People's Artist of the USSR.


Schaporins musical language is quite conservative and always moves within the limits of tonality. Plays an important role in his work the Russian and Ukrainian folk music - Shaporin knew how very idiomatic to compose. Thus, it is clearly in the tradition of the Russian National Romanticism. His models were Sergei Rachmaninoff and Nikolai Medtner. Particularly strong was his gift to create lyrical, flowing melodies, which predestined him for the composition of vocal music. Often his music has been described as deeply human, and deeply poetic Russian. In conflict with the government Shaporin never came. Today he is almost forgotten, although his well- thought-out, marked by sovereign mastery of the composition craft music would fully justify rediscovery.


  • Orchestral works Symphony in E minor (1932 /33)
  • Symphony by Mayakovsky op.11 for choir, concert band, piano and orchestra ( 1928-33 )
  • The flea, suite after Leskov op.8 for folk instruments and orchestra (1928 )
  • Incidental music
  • Music for about 80 films
  • The Decembrists, opera about the Decembrist uprising by Alexei Tolstoy ( 1920-53, initially under the name Pauline Gaible )
  • On the Kulikower field, Symphony Cantata by Alexander Blok op.14 ( 1918-39 )
  • The Legend of the Battle of the Russian land, Oratorio op.17 (1943 /44)
  • How long will the vultures will circle? , Oratorio by Alexander Blok op.20 ( 1945-47, rev. 1963)
  • Numerous romances for voice and piano or orchestra, with words by Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Blok and other Russian poets
  • Piano Sonata No.1 in F sharp minor op.5 (1924 )
  • Piano Sonata No.2 in B minor op.7 (1926 )
  • Piano Sonata No.3 (1966, unfinished)
  • Ballade for Piano op.28 (1959 )
  • 5 Pieces for Cello and Piano op.25 (1956, 1959)