The province is named after the Zambezi River, which marks its southern boundary ( the province of Sofala ) and finally reaches its confluence with the Indian Ocean. On the coast there are mangrove swamps; further inland to find it forests. Agriculture in Zambezia mainly produces rice, corn, cassava, cashew nuts, sugarcane, coconuts, citrus fruits, cotton and tea; in Gurué is the largest tea plantation in Mozambique. Shrimp are fished, and at various deposits jewelry stones are mined.
The population according to the 1997 census was at 3.202 million, in 2007 it reached 4.141 million according to calculation.
The Zambezia province is again divided into 16 districts:
- Alto Molocue
- Maganja da Costa
During the Portuguese colonial era Zambezia made from 1893 to 1920 an independent postal territory and issued stamps with overprint of the province name.