The hit parade was a 31 year long produced at the Berliner Union Film music broadcast by ZDF. The hit parade was known primarily for the Facilitation of Dieter Thomas Heck.
- 3.1 Dieter Thomas Heck
- 3.2 Viktor Worms
- 3.3 Uwe Hübner
Concept of mission
The performers came primarily from the area of the German pop. Towards the end of the 1960s was the popular music in competition with other musical trends of the time, such as the beat music, already rather conservative. By the charts some innovations for music programs were introduced on television, which helped to give the pop music in the 1970s, again an unexpected popularity across the generations. Among these innovations was, for example, the studio design. This was with other contemporary items, such as the German Schlager- Festspiele, is still strongly based in the theater, so that there was a significant distance between speakers and audience. In the charts, however, a very modern for its time, matter-of- functional design was introduced, in which, on curtains and other theater -like props was completely omitted. The bleachers were arranged in Karrée around the stage so that the audience sat in close proximity to the performers. Not infrequently, the singer or the singer sat at the beginning of a song even in the midst of the audience, then get up and down ( singing ) to go to the stage. Also new was the rule, live ( to a backing-track ) to sing. The record companies here were from the original instrumental bands, which was sung by the artist for the recording session in the recording studio. In the first design studio of the charts, which was used until the second half of the seventies, sat visible to the audience a sound engineer behind a desk with tape machines and drove the corresponding instrumental band for every show from. Towards the end of each title then the autograph address of the interpreter was displayed. To emphasize the real-time nature of the program was in the middle of the studio, an electronic display of the current date and time.
The course of the show consisted of the presentation of five to eight new titles as well as the five, later three, and then finally ( for time reasons ) only a title, who had received from the last show with the most votes. After Roy Black had set in the first broadcasts on location 1 ( elected three times), allowed a title to only a maximum of two times (from 1985 only once ) place, then he left, so that the charts always stayed up to date. The selection of artists for the Firsts was carried out by an independent jury selected the titles of proposals from the music industry. From about the mid- 70s to 1988 Firsts of media control were determined from sales and TV-/Radio-Auftritten.
Over the years, the pattern of transmission changed. No longer just the representatives of the German pop attended the show. The hit parade opened in the late 1970s also other genres of German popular music. When a little later the German New Wave was popular, made it their representatives not only in the ZDF hit parade, but also to the first places, and made the show for an extended public interest. The band trio used, for example, the condition of the live singing for spontaneous actions such as allusions to Dieter Thomas Heck. Other musicians who were somewhat out of the scheme, such as Gottlieb Wryneck, Klaus and Klaus, Miss Menke ( despite a ban during their title dream boy to wear a wedding veil, they put it during the live broadcast contrary to the instructions of the director on) or Haindling left in their own way a lasting impression.
However, the number of prominent bands or artists rose Especially at this time of German songs that no longer felt a need to act in the increasingly regarded as stuffy charts. Examples of this were bands such as ideal or even DAF. The charts thus lost in the 1980s, the status they still had in the 1970s. Also lost in these years, especially after the downturn of the Neue Deutsche Welle, German language songs in general market shares. In this development the successor to Dieter Thomas Heck, Viktor Worms tried to respond by changes in the concept of the show.
The vote by the audience took place in the early days simply by postcard. But it soon turned out that this system was too manipulative ( as sent, for example, some performers stamped postcards for voting to their fans and fan clubs to achieve a position in the charts ). From then on, the audience could request a ballot by postcard of the charts editors. Did you receive, so you could only cast his vote for a single performer. In 1982, the vote was abolished by voting card and started the use of TEDs. This computerized system allowed that the winner could still be announced during the live show.
On January 18, 1969 at 18:50 clock the hit parade was first broadcast on ZDF and presented according to eight issues in 1969 from 1970, twelve times a year on Saturday night.
At the IFA 1973, the ZDF program changed its structure: the newscast today has been paid to 19:00 clock, the hit parade, and many other programs on the 19:30 - clock time slot. In 1978 it was decided that a renewed reform program and declared Monday the day of music in the ZDF. Consequently, in addition to other music formats also switched the charts from their regular place on Saturday evening to Monday evening. This remained for six years now so until 1984 returned back to the old regular place on Saturday evening at 19:30 clock.
With the acceptance of the shipment by Viktor Worms the consignment was then postponed to Wednesday night and moved to its end in 2000, even more times the transmission place between Thursday, Friday and Saturday at different times and lengths ( in part was 20 Clock nor by a commercial break interrupted).
In a few years, special issues were produced, such as the Hit Parade Leader (1975 & 1976) or from 1981 Superhitparade in ZDF and from the end of 1983, the respective hits of the year. After 32 years and 368 episodes, the hit parade in 2000 was set at December 16, 2000 ran with the special broadcast hits of the year 2000, the latest edition.
As of August 19, 2011 five episodes per week to be repeated starting with issue 1 on ZDFkultur. The broadcast on other channels has been set. Since December 2012 15 episodes will be broadcast weekly. Since September 5, 2013 the broadcasts available to be repeated again.
Up to 6 May 2011, only the programs of the 1970s were repeated chronologically in the digital ZDFtheaterkanal up to its conversion into ZDFkultur. Every month, there was another issue that was then repeated on several days in the morning and afternoon. 3sat has repeats of the show finally closed in September 2009 after nearly 25 years. Here ran recently in the so-called night owls appointments ( Thursdays on Fridays ) alternating with other productions sporadic broadcasts of the late 80s and early 90s.
While the output of one of the consignment of 18 January 1969, now released on DVD, the episodes 2-25 from the years 1969 to 1971 by the former use of defective tape material have been destroyed decades ago for ever. Since many of the listed titles to these issues hardly anyone knows today, designed the moderator Dirk Dämkes for the German Internet Radio memoryradio the so-called radio versions and started this on the 40th anniversary of the show in January 2009. Ran here until the end of 2011 so again all some very rare original recordings of Firsts and placed title of the first three years including the missing expenditures at a distance of exactly 40 years to the TV - program on ZDF. On the website for the show ( see below links ), there is also still a gallery with the former single- covers of songs from the broadcast.
Dieter Thomas Heck
First moderator was Dieter Thomas Heck, who developed the program jointly with Truck Branss. Heck was a passionate supporter of the German Schlager and moderated before the start of the ZDF hit parade at the Saarland Radio in Saarbrucken " The German hit parade " of Europe shaft Saar, a radio listener charts with only German-language titles. Also in the ZDF broadcast sang various interpreters its current title. The viewers could vote for their favorite, who was allowed to occur again in the episode broadcast by postcard. Twice in succession, the artist was allowed to place with his song. Then he was " three times while " and thus retired.
Almost got the ritual character of the rear end of a mission spoken ( and not in the picture shown) credits, in which he read aloud in a very high rate of speech involved in the production and their functions.
After 16 years, gave stern the shipment to his first followers from: On 15 December 1984, the last month's issue was moderated by him and in January 1985, the latest annual hit parade ( hits of the year '84 ).
1985 took over Viktor Worms moderating the charts. The previous concept, should participate only German -language interpreters, was repealed in 1987, to reach an even wider range of audience. The only condition was a relation of the title to Germany; next to the artist that could also affect the production. Also the live singing was replaced in 1987 by a full playback.
1990 saw Uwe Hübner as moderator. The hit parade was again adapted more to the wishes of pop fans. The result was that the newly gained in the late 1980s audience that had more interested in the international songs, was lost again and the original target group of fans hit back got a platform on German television. It was also sung live again in 1992. Hübner moderated the charts until its setting in the year 2000.
- Truck Branss
- Ewald Burike
- Pit Weyrich ( cameraman from the early days of the charts )
- Thomas Rogge ( previously also cinematographer on the charts )
The first and most well-known title or signature tune was produced in 1968 by James Last ZDF and stayed together with Dieter Thomas Heck until 15 December 1984 at the use. In the years 1985 and 1986, the piece Connecting Flight by Roland Romanelli was used and from 1987 it was the original instrumental version of The Final Countdown of the Swedish band Europe before it was replaced by a nameless composition and production by Dieter Bohlen in 1988, the was himself often and successfully represented in this time with his solo project Blue System in the show.
"The new hit parade " on RTL II
The concept of ZDF hit parade tries RTL II in the Saturday night show The new charts ( subtitle: " We sing German " ) continue. Television premiere of the records was previously produced on 25 October 2009.