ABYANEH (Persian ابیانه ) is a historic village in the province of Isfahan in Iran. It is 55 km away from Kashan.
The value held in reddish colors and hence known as Red Village, stepped -shaped village situated on the slopes of the mountains at the carcass Barzrud River. He is one of the oldest in the country. Narrow streets and steep paths lead through the village. Small streams flow through ABYANEH. In the village they extend partially capped under the streets and houses of the village.
The houses in the center of the village are built quite uniform and consist of a traditional half-timbered structure of timber, clay and straw admixed. The doors of the houses often decorate ornaments and engraved poems. The effect of rain claimed the building material very strong, so that the Lehmabdachungen a constant renewal require.
Not only in ABYANEH - - as the abutment of the mud walls on the one hand the burden is not on the traditional Lehmgebäuden damage that can lead to the destruction of the buildings already at relatively short notice, however, the increasingly carried out recently on the roofs in the concrete casting and using cement composite restoration work will cause withstand, and secondly so executed roofs are easily undermined irreparably by rainwater.
The attractions of ABYANEH belong next to the historical center, a Zoroastrian fire temple and three forts from the Sassanid era, still a place of pilgrimage and 8 mosques. From the 11th century the Jame Mosque dates from the time of the Ilkhans Porzaleh Mosque. Other attractions are the homes of Nader Shah Gholam Hossein Kashi and Nayeb from the Qajar.
ABYANEH was often called the " entrance gate " to the Iranian history. Thus, the local costume goes back to a style of dress from ancient times who could hold over the millennia despite repeated attempts to do this.
For typical female clothing includes a long white scarf with a colorful floral pattern that covers the shoulders and upper part of the fuselage, also a knee-length skirt. The clothing style stands out from the adjacent villages, so that residents can be clearly recognized by ABYANEH. The educated citizens of the city also speak a Parthian Pahlavi dialect.
Until Safawidenherrschaft held in ABYANEH the Zoroastrian faith.
Since 2005 archaeological investigations by the Iranian organization for cultural heritage, handicrafts and tourism ( ICHHTO ) are performed in ABYANEH. Since 2007 ABYANEH is on the short list for the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An old woman, back from field work, rests in front of an ornate wooden door
A woman in traditional dress
In a street of the village