Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinio

Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinio ( Czech Vojtěch Raňkův z Ježová; * 1320, † August 15, 1388 ) was a Bohemian theologian and philosopher.


Vojtech came from the landed gentry family of the ranek z Malého Ježová. In Paris, he completed his studies in 1346 with the examination of the Master of Arts from seven. Thereafter, he was appointed procurator of the English nation and in 1352 a member of the University of Sorbonne. 1355 he was appointed rector of the University of Paris. Besides his work in arts faculty, he continued his studies in philosophy and put 1363 his Bachelor examination.

The stay in Paris was interrupted by stays as papal administrator in Avignon and in Oxford. Here he met Richard Fitzralph know and joined friendship with him. With 46 years, he returned to Prague and was appointed canon of the Prague Chapter, 1369 to its Scholastiken. In Prague, there were clashes with Heinrich Totting of Oyta, whom he accused of heresy. 1373 Henry was acquitted by the papal court in Avignon, however.

Vojtech fell out of favor with Emperor Charles IV and was expelled from the country. He returned to Paris. Through support of the later Prague archbishop Jan of Jenstejn he passed from his examination as a doctor of theology. 1375 he returned to Bohemia back, teaching and preaching. At the funeral of Charles IV, he was allowed to keep his grave speech.

He introduced himself during the Western Schism to the side of Urban VI. , But also tolerated the opposite side. In 1386 came to a theological dispute with the Archbishop of Prague and its earlier patron John of Jenstejn. Here he became a defender of the national state against the supporters of the papal universalism and wrote his opinion in Apologia down.

In his sermons, he became a fierce critic of the prevailing conditions on in the church and became friends more and more with the ideas of the Bohemian reformers. He corresponded with Conrad of Waldhausen and was close friends with John Milicius. He left his fortune to a foundation that supported poor students in the study of theology and philosophy in Paris and Oxford.


Of his voluminous writings, a part is only preserved, but showing his deep knowledge and extensive education. He knew the Bible dealt with the ancient and medieval literature and had extensive knowledge in philosophy, theology and law. In his philosophical works he studied with Plato, Aristotle, Seneca, Boethius, and William of Ockham. He had written in Latin all his writings.

Philosophical works

  • Chvála filozofie, Anthology I, 1981;
  • Philosophia cause docet, 1346

Theological works

  • De frequenti communione ad plebanum Martinum
  • De scismate
  • REC při pohřbu Karla IV, in Ján Vilikovský: proza ​​z doby Karla IV, 1938 ( speech at the funeral of Charles IV )

Lyrical works

Carmen immersive cantilena De evitatione amoris carnalis