Amphoe ( Thai: อำเภอ, pronunciation: [ ʔāmp ʰ ɤ̄ ː ], also written Amphur ) are the second highest administrative units, among the provinces ( Changwat ), in Thailand. In German they can be referred to as counties, districts or districts. The managing authority of counties called Thi wa kan Amphoe ( Thai: ที่ว่าการ อำเภอ, in English: District office ).
Thailand had until 2007 a total of 796 and 81 King Amphoe Amphoe which were combined in August 2007 to Amphoe 877. In December 2009, the 878th Amphoe was established. The Amphoe are in Tambon ( thail.: ตำบล - municipalities) divided in turn into Muban ( thail.: หมู่บ้าน - villages). The 50 districts of Bangkok called Khet ( เขต ) and are administratively on the same level as Amphoe, they are also often incorrectly referred to as Amphoe.
Amphoe and Khet are the administrative units to which they relate the postcodes of Thailand with a few exceptions.
A Amphoe is managed by a district chief: - who is appointed by the Home Office (or District Administrator, thail นายอำเภอ Nai Amphoe. ). The officer is subordinate to the governor of each province.
Number and size of Amphoe
The number of Amphoe a province is different, from the smallest province with three Amphoe up to the 50 districts of Bangkok. Also, the size and the population is different: the Amphoe with the smallest population of Koh Kut ( Trat Province ) with only 2118 inhabitants, while Amphoe Mueang Samut Prakan ( Samut Prakan ) has 460 141 inhabitants. By area, the Khet Bangkok are the smallest - Khet Samphanthawong for example, has only 1.4 square kilometers - while the Amphoe in the sparsely populated mountain regions can be larger than elsewhere entire provinces - Umphang ( Tak province ) with 4325.4 km ² the largest.
Normally, the names of the Amphoe are clear, but in some cases are in Thai script differently written names due to inadequacies of the Romanization of the same name in Latin letters translated (see: Thai font ). An exception is the name of Amphoe Phra Kiat Chaloem: To celebrate the 50th Jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej five new districts were created in 1996, which were all given the same name. Chaloem Phra Kiat ( thail.: เฉลิมพระเกียรติ ) is a polite form of address of members of the royal family.
By the year 2007 there were 796 Amphoe and 81 so-called King Amphoe ( thail.: กิ่ง อำเภอ, sub- or semi- districts), a name for newly created districts that did not have a full Amphoe status. The constituent king has nothing to do with the English word for king, but is Thai for branch ( agency). Split off from larger circles new circles were often initially set up as King Amphoe and collected after some time to Amphoe. King Amphoe be in English often referred to as sub district, even if they are not administratively part of the district.
The King Amphoe were - like the Amphoe - headed by a district officer (Hua King Amphoe Na, thail หัวหน้า กิ่ง อำเภอ. )
On 15 May 2007, the Thai government had decided that all 81 King Amphoe to raise the full Amphoe status to unify the administration. With the publication in the Royal Gazette " Issue 124 chapter 46" of 24 August 2007, this decision officially entered into force.
The district administration is in a Thi wa kan amphoe ( ที ว่า การ อำเภอ ) mentioned building, which is also the center of the circle. Distance information on road signs are calculated relative to the location of this building. Usually it is located in the most densely populated part of the circle, so it is for the majority of the population within easy reach. In the administration building usually is also the registrar's office.