Umphang District

Umphang ( Thai อำเภอ อุ้มผาง ) is a district ( Amphoe - administrative district ) in Tak Province in northern Thailand.


The district of Umphang is located in the extreme south of the province of Tak and borders the provinces of Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan, Uthai Thani and Kanchanaburi and in the west to Burma. This is the Umphang district of eclectic borders the province of Tak. It is also the largest area and the most sparsely populated at the same time under Thailand's administrative districts.

The neighboring Amphoe are seen from the north clockwise from Phop Phra in Tak Province, Amphoe Khlong Lan and the Pang Sila Thong in the province of Kamphaeng Phet, Amphoe Mae Wong and the Mae Poen in the province of Nakhon Sawan, Amphoe Ban Rai in the Uthai Thani Province and Amphoe Thong Pha Phum and Sangkhla Buri Kanchanaburi province. In the west, behind a long, mountainous border line of Kayin State is located in Burma.

Due to the mountainous location Umphang is one of the least developed areas of the country; therefore, it was also used by communist insurgents in the 1960s and 1970s as a retreat. Of the other parts of the province of Tak Umphang by the Thanon Thongchai Mountains ( ทิว เขา ถนน ธงชัย ) is disconnected. The south of the district is part of a nature reserve in Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary, while the central region around the place around Umphang Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary belongs to. East of this is followed by the National Park Mae Wong, located in the provinces of Tak and Kamphaeng Phet. Farther east, the Khlong Lan National Park is located in Kamphaeng Phet. The Khao Kachoela (also Khao khiao, " Green Mountain " ) in Umphang is with 2152 m height of the highest mountains in Thailand.

An important water artery of the Amphoe is the river Klong ( แม่น้ำ กลอง ), which rises here and on his way takes in the Kanchanaburi province to the south.

Umphang can only be achieved through a single road: from the north Amphoe Phra Phop, Tak Province. After all other directions, the area is surrounded by high mountains and inaccessible.


A large part of the inhabitants of Umphang is derived from the Thai hill tribes and is generally regarded as Karen. In fact, the Karen have lived here before the Thai so many place names derived from their language.


Umphang was established in 1898 as Amphoe Mae Khlong ( อำเภอ แม่ กลอง ) in the Province of Uthai Thani. 1906 Amphoe Umphang was renamed and came to the province of Kamphaeng Phet. On January 1, 1926 came to Umphang Tak Province and one changed the status of Amphoe to a sub-district ( King Amphoe ) before it was upgraded again in 1959 to a full Amphoe.


  • Thi Lo Su Waterfall ( น้ำตก ที ล อ ซู ) - largest waterfall in Thailand
  • Waterfall Thi Lo Dscho ( น้ำตก ที ล อ จ่อ )
  • Sai Rung Waterfall ( น้ำตก สายรุ้ง )
  • Thi Lo Le Waterfall ( น้ำตก ที ล อ เล )


Umphang consists of six sub-districts ( tambon), which further into 38 villages ( Muban ) are divided.

There are two small towns ( thesaban tambon) in the district:

  • Umphang ( Thai: เทศบาล ตำบล อุ้มผาง ) consists of parts of the tambon Umphang,
  • Mae Chan ( Thai: เทศบาล ตำบล แม่จัน ) consists of the whole Tambon Mae Chan.

There are also three " Tambon Administrative Organizations" (TAO, องค์การ บริหาร ส่วน ตำบล - administrative organizations) in the district.