Nakhon Sawan Province
Nakhon Sawan ( Thai: นครสวรรค์ ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern part of the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Nakhon Sawan Nakhon Sawan is also called.
- 4.1 Data
- 4.2 Land Use
- 5.1 Rail
- 5.2 bus
- 5.3 Air Traffic
- 6.1 universities
The province is considered the gateway to the north of the country and forms the southernmost part of northern Thailand. It is sometimes also counted to the central region.
The landscape is mostly flat. Here the Ping and Nan come together here to form from the provincial capital of Nakhon Sawan (also called Pak Nam Pho ) the Maenam Chao Phraya, which flows into the Gulf of Thailand. In the east the mountains of Khao Pattawi raise.
The distance to the capital Bangkok is about 240 kilometers.
- Chumsaeng and
- Nong Bua
- Yom and
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 36.7 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 16.8 ° C. In the same year, there were 1415.4 mm rainfall in 101 rainy days.
The name Nakhon Sawan goes back to the Sanskrit words nagara city and svarga ( स्वर्ग ) the heavens, meaning city of heaven.
In the province, and especially in the provincial capital, is home to a significant Chinese -born population, whose ancestors immigrated since the end of the 19th century. In the eastern part of the province, the migration from the province of Phetchabun and from Isaan is recorded. In addition, however resettlement of descendants of bonded laborers abducted from Siamese Laos, the Lao khrang (the total number in Thailand is 53,000 ).
Economic importance and
In 2009, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product ) of the province 81 842 million baht. The offizirlle minimum wage in the province is 232 baht per day ( about 4 €, date April 1, 2012 ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 550 686 rai ( 881.1 km ²), 9.2 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 4,017,637 Rai ( 6428.2 km ²), 67.0 % of the total
- Not classified area: 1,430,225 Rai ( 2288.4 km ²), 23.8 % of the total
In the provincial capital, is an important river port. It is built from an old rafter station, which was to Abholzverbot the precious tropical woods here in 1989 into operation.
The timber trade is still an important source of revenue. Fishing industry is operated in Bung Boraphet, a wetland, which is one of the main suppliers for freshwater fish in Thailand. In particular, the Sua - fish is considered a delicacy and is sold nationwide.
In the province there are several stations on the Northern Line of the SRT from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, which runs in a north -south direction:
Nakhon Sawan has a Fernbusterminal
- Nakhon Sawan Airport ( ICAO: VTPN ), he is currently served by any scheduled airline.
- Takhli Airport ( ICAO: VTPI ), military airfield of the Royal Thai Air Force
- Chaophraya University ( Private University, since 1999)
- University Rajabhat Nakhon Sawan
- Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University: Nakhon Sawan Buddhist College
The area was inhabited since the early days, as evidenced by archaeological finds. Especially in the area along the Maenam Chaophraya and between Mueang Nakhon Sawan and Chumsaeng. The infiltrating in the 11th century Tai peoples ( the ancestors of today's Thai ) took flood the area and built here in irrigated rice. Numerous smaller principalities ( Mueang ) emerged, which have been adopted in the 12th century finally the Khmer (Angkor ).
Only Sukhothai could push back their influence and eventually it was Ayutthaya, the angliederte the area of the Siamese kingdom.
After King Mongkut (Rama IV ) had in 1855 signed the Bowring Treaty with Britain, started the golden age of Nakhon Sawan. It became the center of the rice and teak trade. The construction of the Northern line of railway in 1922, the economic crisis before the 1932 revolution and the construction of Dechatiwong Bridge ( สะพาน เด ชาติ วงศ์ ) and the Phahonyothin Highway reduced the importance of inland navigation and hence the importance Nakhon Sawan.
When King Chulalongkorn ( Rama V ) in 1895 Monthon introduced as part of its Thesaphiban - administrative reform, Nakhon Sawan became the capital of " Monthon Nakhon Sawan ".
( See entry in Nakhon Sawan )
- Khao Woranat Banphot ( Khao Kop ) - mountain Amphoe Mueang with a magnificent view of the provincial capital and the Bueng - Boraphet swamps. A mountain is Wat Woranat Banphot, a Buddhist temple ( Wat ). According to legend, the temple was founded in the 13th century by King Li Thai of Sukhothai. In viharn be footprints of Buddha are from the Sukhothai period.
- Bueng Boraphet - Wetlands, which was made the largest freshwater lake in Thailand ( 140,000 Rai big, so 22.4 km ² ), in which 148 species of freshwater fish to live. The area is also home to many rare birds.
- Wat Kriangkrai sound in Tambon Kriangkrai ( Amphoe Mueang ) - temple complex located on Maenam Nan, 22 km north-east of Nakhon Sawan, with lots of monkeys and a crocodile farm.
- Wat Chansen Museum - in Amphoe Takhli; Museum of the ethnography of the province with numerous finds, bronze and iron goods, and everyday objects from earlier times.
- Khao Noh / Khao Kaeo - in Tambon Ban khaen ( Amphoe Banphot Phisai ); Limestone rocks, which are inhabited by monkeys and bats.
- Local Fest: Kite Festival - in January / February is the Chinese New Year, the kite festival held, with a large procession that accompanies a giant kite. It's called Nakhon Sawan, the dragon city.
- Mae Wong National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ แม่ วงก์ ) - 55th National Park of Thailand opened in September 1987 Size: 894 km ², lies both in the province of Nakhon Sawan, as well as in the province of Kamphaeng Phet
- Khao Luang Forest Park ( Thai: วนอุทยาน เขา หลวง )
- Tham Phet Tham Thong Forest Park ( Thai: วนอุทยาน ถ้ำ เพชร - ถ้ำ ทอง )
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a Wimarn ( a mythological castle in the sky, see also Vimanmek Teak - " Palace in the Clouds", Bangkok ), which refers to the name of the provincial capital, the "City of Heaven".
The local tree and the local flower is the purple loosestrife ( Lagerstroemia loudinii ).
The motto of the province of Nakhon Sawan is:
The Nakhon Sawan Province is divided into 15 counties ( Amphoe ). The circles are further subdivided into 130 communes ( tambon) and 1328 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there are both a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ) Nakhon Sawan ( เทศบาล นคร นครสวรรค์ ) two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ):
- Takhli ( เทศบาล เมือง ตาคลี ) and
- Chum Saeng ( เทศบาล เมือง ชุมแสง ).
In addition, there are 15 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).