Prachinburi ( Thai: ปราจีนบุรี ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the east of Thailand, but it is counted administratively to Central Thailand. The capital of the province of Prachinburi Prachinburi is also called.
- 2.1 Data
- 3.1 airport
The Prachinburi province is located about 120 kilometers northeast of Bangkok.
The landscape of the province is essentially divided in two ways: on the one hand it shows the bed lowland of Maenam Bang Pakong, of the province of Chachoengsao and continues to flow into the Gulf of Thailand, on the other hand, the higher-lying level of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains. Here are also two national parks, Khao Yai and Thap Lan.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. In 2009 there was 1676.3 mm of precipitation at 134 rainy days. The highest and lowest temperature was 36 ° C and 18 ° C.
Economic importance and
Prachinburi counted earlier as today many areas in Isaan, the poorest provinces in the country. For some time, however, it attracts more and more business from the relatively nearby capital to Prachinburi, which provide tranquility and seclusion. Therefore, a considerable amount of money flowing into the area.
Tourism plays here - despite the famous Khao Yai National Park - no special role, though the area has many interesting places. Main occupation is agriculture, the main products are here with the obligatory rice, soy, durian, bamboo shoots and tapioca.
- Suvarnabhumi Airport ( IATA: BKK)
In Prachinburi many products were found from the Dvaravati period, so that we assume that the area is already permanently settled since the 8th century. It was then ruled by the Khmer, who were pushed back by the expansion of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya more and more.
Prachinburi was built by King Mongkut (Rama IV ) and in 1872 under King Chulalongkorn ( Rama V ) completed. The first governor of the province was Phra Preecha Kolkan. After they had discovered gold in nearby Kabin Buri, he received the king's command to build a gold camp in Prachinburi. Later it was the administration building for the province.
- Wat Phra Si Maha Phot - Buddhist temple ( Wat ) in Amphoe Si Maha Phot, about 22 kilometers outside the provincial capital located; Park in the temple is an ancient and huge Bodhi tree, the circumference of which is about 15 meters. The seed for this tree was brought on a missionary journey from Bodhgaya in India to Thailand.
- Khao Ito Waterfall ( Thai: น้ำตก เขา อี โต ) - about twelve kilometers outside the provincial capital, showing rapids on several levels
- National Parks: Khao Yai National Park - about 2200 km ² large and world-renowned National Park, the name means " Big Mountain"; Khao Yai rises to about 1,300 meters in height and shows a diverse animal and plant world. Khao Yai is the oldest national park of Thailand and was inaugurated in 1962 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- Thap Lan National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ทับ ลาน ) - about 2235 km ² national park in Amphoe Na Di, which shows many palm species.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Prachinburi shows the famous Bodhi tree at the temple Wat Si Maha Phot. This tree was brought after a pilgrimage 2,000 years ago from India.
The colors of the province are red and yellow - red stands for the land, and yellow for Buddhism. The local tree is the Bodhi tree, the local flower is the cork tree ( Millingtonia hortensis ).
The motto of the province of Prachinburi is:
The Prachinburi province is divided into seven administrative districts ( Amphoe ), 65 communes ( tambon) and 658 villages ( Muban ).
Note: Missing number belong to the Amphoe, which now form the province of Sa Kaeo.