Chanthaburi ( Thai: จันทบุรี ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the east of Thailand, but it is counted administratively to Central Thailand.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 lines of business
The Chanthaburi province is located on the border with Cambodia and on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. While the coastal landscape is rather flat, the land rises towards the northeast to a considerable mountain out of which forms a natural border with Cambodia, the so-called Cardamom Mountains. The highest elevation of the province is located in Soi Dao Nua and reaches a height of 1,556 meters above sea level.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. At 165 days of rain there was in 2009 a rainfall of 3,099 mm. In the same year the maximum temperature was 35.4 ° C, 19.0 ° C as the lowest temperature.
Economic importance and
In 2008, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product ) of the province 41 538 million baht. The minimum wage in the province is since January 1, 2011 at 179 Baht ( about 4.5 euros ).
Lines of business
Almost half of the area of the province of Chanthaburi is designated as agricultural land, while slightly more than one-third is woodland.
Apart from agriculture, the cultivation of rice and tropical fruits are available in the province, a precious stone and gemstone production, in particular, are mined and processed rubies and sapphires.
In addition to the dominant Thais many Khmer living in Chantaburi province, of which a significant number in the 18th and 19th centuries were brought here from neighboring Cambodian provinces.
Many residents of the province of Chanthaburi are born Vietnamese or are descended from them. Vietnamese migrated in three waves to Thailand a:
- Rajabhat University Rambhaibarni
- Burapha University, Chanthaburi Campus -
- Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan -ok, Chantaburi Campus
- Open University of Sukhothai Thammathirat, Chantaburi Campus
The landscape west of Cambodia was early dominated by Khmer Angkor Empire and its old, before the Siamese Ayutthaya were able to expand their influence in the 15th century. Then there have been raids and to Cambodia, but no change in the territorial status '. Most cases, the raids were intended to take goods and especially valuable workers with Cambodia or to pick from there. After the destruction of Ayutthaya by the Burmese in 1767 Chanthaburi served to about 1770 as the headquarters for the army of General Taksin ( later King in Thonburi ), which led Siam back to independence.
As part of the Paknam crisis in 1893 occupied French colonial troops from French Indochina from Chanthaburi and retreated back until 1905, after the Siamese France had left the western provinces of Cambodia.
- The Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Reserve ( สัตว์ ป่า เขา สอยดาว ) in the district of Soi Dao is located 70 kilometers north of the provincial capital.
- National Park Khao Chamao - Khao Wong - situated on the border with the province of Rayong.
- National Park Khao Khitchakut with the Krathing Waterfall - 30 kilometers from Chanthaburi, you can see a lot of wildlife there yet. On the top of Khitchakut Mountain is a Buddha footprint.
- National Park Namtok Phlio ( น้ำตก พลิ้ว, Pliew ) - large park with the Phliu waterfall and one of King Chulalongkorn ( Rama V ) donated stupa.
- Laem Sing ( Lion Cape ) - with a fortress, it Khuk Gai Khi ( คุก ขี้ ไก่, chicken manure Prison ) - about 30 kilometers south of the town near the pier; the name is due to the fact that the building was used by French occupation troops during the Paknam crisis since 1893 as a prison. The aim is to have established a chicken coop on the top floor, said to have fallen from the through the perforated top of chicken manure in the lower floors.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Chanthaburi shows the moon surrounded by an aura. Inside the moon disc is a rabbit, because accept, in the opinion of the Thai Mare of the Moon (the dark areas ) in the form of a hare. The coat of arms to symbolize the peace and tranquility of the province.
The local tree is Diospyros decandra. The local flower is the orchid.
The motto of the province of Chanthaburi is:
The province is divided into ten districts ( Amphoe ). The circles are further subdivided into 76 communes ( tambon) and 690 villages ( Muban ).