Chonburi ( Thai: ชลบุรี, [ tɕ͡ ʰ on buri ː ], listen to / i?) Is a province ( Changwat ) in the eastern region of Thailand, but it is counted administratively to Central Thailand. The capital of the province of Chonburi is also called Chonburi.
- 2.1 Data
- 3.1 Airports
- 3.2 Railway
- 3.3 Road
Chonburi is located on the Bay of Bangkok, and thus on the Gulf of Thailand. The province is located in the catchment area of Bangkok, which lies about 80 kilometers north-west.
From northwest to southeast, a low mountain range extends through the province. The fertile plains in the north has already long been used for agriculture. Sattahip in the south is one of the few deep-water ports in the country.
The most famous city of the province is likely to be the provincial capital nature but to Pattaya, one of Thailand's tourist centers.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. In 2009, there were 127 rainy days with a rainfall of 1,574.4 mm. The maximum temperature was 35.8 ° C during the same period, the lowest temperature 18.8 ° C.
Economic importance and
Tourism is important due to the beautiful sandy beaches and the sheltered position of the province. In addition, there is agriculture, which is less here in rice cultivation, but more tapioca and coconut plantations forms and processed sugar cane, and in fishing, but is operated near the coast and in the deep sea.
Many manufacturing companies have moved in to take advantage of the convenient connections to the Sattahip deep-water port and to escape the constant traffic chaos in the capital. The Thai economy in east coast (Eastern Seaboard ), whose core is located in Chonburi province, has become the second most important industrial region of the country after Greater Bangkok. The container port of Laem Chabang was 2011, with a turnover of 5.73 million TEUs (slightly less than the Container Terminal Bremerhaven ) of 23 among the most tarnished container ports in the world.
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2011 was 635.605 billion baht (about 15.5 billion euro ). Thus, it was the third most important economically to the country and to Rayong the second most important outside of Greater Bangkok. This represents an annual economic output of 522 511 baht per head (about 12,800 euros ), also the third highest nationwide.
The most powerful industry was the producing industry, which generated 370.3 billion baht. It was followed by the wholesale and retail trade with 66.6 billion, transport, storage and communication 38 billion energy and water Verso admixture with 36 billion baht. Agriculture and fisheries made in contrast 20.3 billion, the hotel and catering industry 20 billion baht.
The minimum wage is since 1 January 2011, 196 Baht ( about 5 euros ) per day.
- Bangkok Suvarnabhumi International Airport, about 60 km northwest of Chonburi (city) in the province of Samut Prakan
- U- Tapao Pattaya International Airport located directly on the border of the provinces of Chonburi and Rayong, about 45 km south-east of Pattaya, scheduled flights to Phuket, Koh Samui, Hua Hin and Siem Reap
A branch of the East Line of the Thai State Railway runs through the province of Chonburi. In passenger Bang Lamung Pattaya and Bangkok are from once daily Chonburi, served. The route ends in the small town of Ban Plu Ta Luang, Amphoe Sattahip. Since 2007, additional freight lines from Laem Chabang Port to Bangkok, Lat Krabang and to Nakhon Ratchasima in Northeastern Thailand in construction. The plan is a high-speed line from Bangkok via Chonburi to Rayong. According to the Ministry of Transport (March 2013) to the Section to Pattaya in 2018 will be put into operation.
Chonburi is connected to Bangkok by the eight-lane, in parts toll Bangkok - Chonburi Motorway ( National Highway 7). Then there are the older Thanon Sukhumvit ( the eastern main arterial road of Bangkok; National Road 3), which continues through Chonburi and Pattaya to Rayong and up to the Cambodian border.
The State Burapha University has its main campus in Bang Saen, Amphoe Mueang Chonburi, Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan -ok in Bang Phra, Amphoe Si Racha. In addition, there are in the province of side campus of Kasetsart University (Si Racha ) and Thammasat University ( Pattaya ).
Since 1993 is the private Asian University in Tambon Huay Yai, Amphoe Bang Lamung. It offers courses of study in engineering, management and English. In addition, also private Sripatum University maintains a minor campus in Chonburi.
In Si Racha, there is also an offshoot of the renowned, operated by the Gabrielistenbrüdern, private Assumption School.
Chonburi has a long history that dates back to the Khmer Empire. After the Khmer were pushed back, the Kingdom of Ayutthaya took control and was no longer on it. After the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 also Chonburi was placed nominally under Burmese rule, but were not their occupation forces strong enough to dominate the country. The General Taksin gathered troops and went first with 500 followers to Rayong and Chonburi, to gather more forces and wait for a favorable opportunity. After the expulsion of the Burmese out of Siam Taksin then founded the new capital of Thonburi, which today forms part of Bangkok.
- Nong Nor - archaeological place in the alluvial plain of the River Bang Pakong, Amphoe Phanat Nikhom,
- Khok Phanom Di - archaeological place about 14 kilometers north of Nong Nor.
- Pattaya ( pronunciation: [ p ʰ t ʰ á át yes ː ] listen, / i ) is an internationally -known seaside resort on the Gulf of Thailand.
- Bang Saen - 10 kilometers outside the provincial capital; the "Ocean Park " has a number of water slides and a roller-coaster. The town has the Burapha University, which operates in particular oceanography and an extensive saltwater aquarium, the " Scientific Marine Center " is located.
- Ko Sichang - about twelve kilometers from Si Racha Located in Sea Island, on which originally was the Vimanmek Palace, the ( Rama V ) was at the instigation of King Chulalongkorn built in 1900 and dismantled by expert guidance and in Bangkok as the largest teak building has been rebuilt around the world. In addition to the Wat Asdang Nimit, a Buddhist temple ( Wat ), which was built in the style of a Christian chapel, here is also a Chinese temple.
- Water Buffalo Racing - Famous are the annually held in October water buffalo race in which to serve the usually working on the rice fields animals to amuse and hold races and a kind of bloodless bullfighting join.
The seal of the province of Chonburi shows the hill Kao Sam Muk with a holy smokehouse. It is believed that the spirit of the hill is able to keep from all evil fishermen.
The local tree and the local flower is the Narrabaum ( Pterocarpus indicus, also: " Padouk ").
The motto of the province of Chonburi is as follows:
Chonburi's policy is dominated by Somchai Khunpluem ( " Kamnan Poh " ), an influential person with criminal connections ( Chao Pho ), and his family. He is considered the "godfather" of Chonburi, or even the whole Eastern region. Somchai is the son of a former village chief. With the distribution of spirits, investment in the construction and property development sector, but also illegal activities such as smuggling, he acquired great economic and political influence. He was churchwarden of Saen Suk (famous for the seaside resort of Bang Saen ) and the collection to the city whose mayor. In parliamentary elections in the constituencies Chonburi usually win the candidates who support Somchai Khunpluem. In the 1970s he was associated with the Social Action Party, in 1992 he supported the Samakkhi - Tham Party, then to 1995, the Chart Pattana Party, then to 2001, the Chart Thai Party. Somchai promoted the development of the east coast to one of the most important industrial regions of Thailand, at the same time he also benefited greatly from her. Somchai's business empire now extends adjacent to the construction and real estate industry in mining, real estate, trade, hotels, transport, ports and shipping. Also Somchai's three sons have important positions in the province. The oldest, Sontaya was, several times, and since 2012 is also minister again, he is also President of Pattaya United. The second, Wittaya, is chairman of the Provincial Administration Organisation and president of Chonburi Chonburi. The third, Ittipol, is the mayor of Pattaya. Somchai Khunpluem was convicted in 2004 for murder to 25 years in prison, but he escaped and was taken in January 2013. Since 2011 the family Khunpluem has its "own " party called Phalang Chon.
With FC Chonburi, Pattaya United FC and Sriracha come from the province of three clubs that play in the Thai Premier League.
The Chonburi province is divided into 10 districts ( Amphoe ). The counties are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambon ) and 961 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there are the autonomous city of Mueang Pattaya ( เมือง พัทยา ), which has the only city in Thailand next to the capital, Bangkok on a Special Administrative Regulations, two large cities ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ) Laem Chabang and Chaophraya Surasak ( เทศบาล นคร เจ้าพระยา สุรศักดิ์ ) and nine cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ):
- Nong Prue ( เทศบาล เมือง หนอง ปรือ )
- Sattahip ( เทศบาล เมือง สัตหีบ )
- Ang Sila ( เทศบาล เมือง อ่าง ศิลา )
- Ban Suan ( เทศบาล เมือง บ้าน สวน )
- Saen Suk ( เทศบาล เมือง แสนสุข )
- Ban Bueng ( เทศบาล เมือง บ้านบึง )
- Si Racha ( เทศบาล เมือง ศรีราชา )
- Phanat Nikhom ( เทศบาล เมือง พนัสนิคม ) and
- Chonburi ( เทศบาล เมือง ชลบุรี ).
Furthermore, there are in the province with 22 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).