Suphan Buri Province

Suphanburi ( Thai: สุพรรณบุรี, pronunciation: [ sù.p ʰ ān buri ː ] ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the central region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Suphanburi also called Suphanburi.

  • 4.1 Data
  • 4.2 Land Use

Origin of the name

The word Suphan originates from the Sanskrit word Suvarna ( Devanagari सुवर्ण ), meaning " gold". Buri comes from the Sanskrit word Puri ( Devanagari पुरी ) and is translated as "city" or "place". So Suphanburi means city of gold.


Suphanburi is situated in the central plateau of Thailand, which can be referred to as rice bowl of the country. In the north and outer west of the province can still be found rolling foothills of the mountain ranges of the north. In the southeast the river Tha Chin are the vast rice-growing areas.

Major cities

  • U Thong

Important rivers

  • Tha Chin


The climate is tropical and monsunal.


The population consists mainly of the Thai with a significant Chinese minority. More than 96 % of the population are Buddhists. In addition, however resettlement of descendants of bonded laborers abducted from Siamese Laos, the Lao khrang (the total number in Thailand is 53,000 ).

Economic importance and

The Suphanburi province is one of the most intensively farmed agricultural areas of the country. It is considered the " rice bowl" of Thailand.


Land Use

All figures in %


The Thai prince and amateur historian of the late 19th century Rajanubhab Damrong surmised that Suphanburi was the legendary Suvarnabhumi that is mentioned in the older Buddhist scriptures. But settlements are only mentioned at the time of the Dvaravati kingdom. It was at that time known as Mueang Dvaravadi Sri Suphannaphum ( ทวาร วดี ศรีสุพรรณ ภูมิ or Pantumburi พันธุ ม บุรี ). The founding took place 877-882. Later, the city was named after the founder of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya as U Thong.

Only King Luang Pha Ngua gave the city and the province in the 14th century, its present name. The province was an important bastion of defense against the Ayutthaya kingdom of Pegu, forerunner of today's Burma. Near the city, in the district today Don Chedi, shall, inter alia, the decisive battle that coming from Phitsanulok King Naresuan took place, who could the Burmese supremacy shake off the end of the 16th century with the victory.

During the reign of King Rama I (reigned 1782-1809 ) led to a comprehensive tax system, including for alcohol. Suphanburi was doing Samut Sakhon and Nakhon managed together Chaisi. The French Bishop Jean -Baptiste Pallegoix listed on his journey from Nakhon Chaisi to Suphanburi settlements of Vietnamese fishermen and several thousands Laotians. The province has produced as the main products palm sugar, rice and fish.

Born in Suphanburi ethnic Chinese entrepreneurs Banharn Silpa - archa has built a reputation as the " Godfather of Suphanburi " built up since the 1970s. He had become through his businesses in various industries for billionaire. In 1974 he went into politics. In Suphanburi, he donated money for schools, bridges and other infrastructure projects that have been named in turn after him. This led to the widespread statement that province " belongs" to him and could also be called " Banharn - buri ". Banharn was regularly elected in his constituency with more than 100,000 votes in parliament and was one of the most elected politicians nationwide. In the 1980s, he used his various government offices to prepare constituency presents from his home province. So Suphanburi got one of the best developed road networks and one of the most modern telephone systems under Thailand's provinces. 2011 remained Suphanburi, unlike its neighboring provinces, largely spared from the flood in Thailand, presumably because Banharn ordered a corresponding control of the locks.


( See also Suphanburi )

  • Suwannaphum Wat ( Wat Klang or Wat Mai ) ( Thai: วัด สุวรรณภูมิ ) - from the 13th century
  • National Museum Suphanburi - in the city of Suphanburi
  • National Rice Farmers Museum - in the town of Suphanburi
  • National Park Pu Toei - located in the Amphoe Dan Chang, 317 km ² large park with the 1,123 meter high mountain Tewada ( Thai: ยอด เขา เทวดา ) on the watershed between Suphanburi and Kanchanaburi

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province shows the famous battle on the elephant between King Naresuan the Great and the Crown Prince of Burma in 1592nd

The local tree is ebony ( Diospyros mollis ).

The motto of the province of Suphanburi is:

Administrative units

The province is divided into 10 districts ( Amphoe ). These are further divided into 110 municipalities ( tambon) and 977 villages ( Muban ) divided.