Sakon Nakhon Province
Sakon Nakhon ( Thai: สกลนคร ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, Isan. The provincial capital is also called Sakon Nakhon.
- 4.1 Data
- 4.2 Land Use
- 4.3 dams
- 5.1 airport
- 5.2 bus
- 5.3 Rail
- 6.1 educational institutions
Origin of the name
Provinces in Thailand are named after the respective provincial capital. Sakon comes from the Sanskrit sakala ( Devanagari: सकल ), meaning whole, universal, and Nakhon originates from the Sanskrit nagara ( Devanagari: नगर ) with the meaning city. Transmitting means Sakon Nakhon ie city of cities.
The province is located in the upper northeast of Thailand and will be completed by the Phu Phan Mountains to the south. Heights are several major rivers. In the forested mountains there are numerous forest temple, some of which date back to the Khmer Empire. The Lake Nong Han is with an area of approximately 125 km ², the largest natural freshwater lake in Thailand.
- Nong Han Luang
- Yam and Songkhram
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The average temperature is 26.7 ° C. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 38.6 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 8.5 ° C. At 120 days of rain fell in the same year 1440.5 mm of precipitation.
In the province of Phu Thai, and in particular Sô, who have immigrated in several waves of migration from Laos live.
Economic importance and
The main industry is agriculture, especially rice cultivation.
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 1,194,311 rai ( 746.4 km ²), 19.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 2,545,679 Rai ( 1591.0 km ²), 42.4 % of the total
- Not classified area: 2,263,612 Rai ( 1414.8 km ²), 37.7 % of the total
The Sakon Nakhon province has a total of 535 wetlands covering an area of 43.1 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture. 48.7 % of the land area is agricultural land, 14.6% is forest land.
- Nam Un ( Amphoe Phang Khon on )
- Sakon Nakhon ( Thai: ท่าอากาศยาน สกลนคร; IATA code: SNO, ICAO code: VTUI )
- Sakon Nakhon Bus Terminal
- Bus stop Ban Tharae
The Sakon Nakhon province has no rail links
- Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University
- Polytechnic College
- Sakon Nakhon Technology Northeastern College
- Bandit Sakon Nakhon College
- Sakon Nakhon Technical College
- Khai Kritsana Siwara hospital
- Sakon Nakhon Hospital
- Trong Siri hospital
- Nikhom Nam Un Hospital in Nikhom Nam Un
The province belonged to the 16th century, the Principality of local Sri Khotrabun Khmer, which is confirmed by many remains of the Khmer civilization. The capital of this principality was called " Mueang Sri Khotrabun " she lay on the eastern bank of the Mekong near Tha Khaek, in what is now Laos.
The Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya later expanded since the 13th/14th. Century their influence at the expense of the Khmer. Among other things, they also took a Sakon Nakhon.
- Phu Phan Rachanivet ( พระ ตำหนัก ภู พาน ราช นิเวศน์ ) - Palace of the Royal Family and whereabouts when members of the family stay in the Northeast.
- Wat Phrathat Choeng Chum ( พระ ธาตุ เชิง ชุม ) - the most important temple in Sakon Nakhon
- Narai Cheng Weng Wat Phrathat - Buddhist temple complex with the same name Chedi
- Prathat Phu Phek ( พระ ธาตุ ภู เพ็ก ) - apparently unfinished laterite chedi from the 11-12. Century, the picturesque mountain lies on a (491 steps).
- Wat Tham Kham Wat Phu Kham or ( วัด ถ้ำ ขาม หรือ ภู ขาม ) - temple complex, with a museum ( พิพิธภัณฑ์ อาจารย์ ฝั้ น อา จา โร ), shows the life and work of the revered monk Achan Fan Acharo.
- Ban Pha Na - ancient Khmer sanctuary of laterite, about 70 km on the way to Udon Thani
- Thai -So- cultural ( ศูนย์ วัฒนธรรม ไท ยโส ) - shows the life and culture of the way ( in Amphoe Kusuman ).
- Saphan Hin ( or Saphan Khom ) - a stone bridge on the road to Udon Thani, which is derived from the Khmer period.
- Candle Festival - local festival in October of each year, be made on the miniature replicas of temples and shrines of beeswax and is connected to a long-tail boat races.
- National Parks: National Park Phu Pha Yon ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภูผา ยล ) - scenically beautifully situated in the south of Sakon Nakhon.
- Phu Phan National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภู พาน ) - wild jungle landscape with many waterfalls in Amphoe Phu Phan.
- National Park Phu Pha Lek ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภูผา เหล็ก ) - located in the Phu Phan mountain range, here is a cave with about 3,000 year-old petroglyphs.
- National Park Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภู เก้า - ภู พาน คำ )
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows the Prathat Choeng Chum, a chedi in Laotian style, which was built during the Ayutthaya period and standing over a Prang of the Khmer Empire.
The local tree is the Banaba ( Lagerstroemia speciosa).
The motto of the province of Sakon Nakhon is:
The province is divided into 18 districts ( Amphoe ). The districts are further subdivided into 125 subdistricts (tambon ) and 1323 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there is a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ): Sakon Nakhon ( เทศบาล นคร สกลนคร ), and there are 20 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).