Songkhla ( Thai: สงขลา ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Songkhla Songkhla.
- 5.1 Data
- 5.2 Land Use
- 6.1 airport
- 6.2 Railway
- 6.3 bus
- 7.1 universities
- 7.2 Colleges
The name Songkhla goes back to the old name Sinhala ( City of Lions ), near the provincial capital lies a mountain with the shape of a lion. Unlike most other provinces in Thailand, the provincial capital, is not the largest city of the province, but in this case, Hat Yai.
Governor of the province has been Krisda Boonrach.
Songkhla is located on the peninsula of Malacca, on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The highest elevation is the Khao Mai Kaeo with 821 meters above the sea. The coastline is characterized by sandy river banks.
In the north of the province is the Thale Sap (also called Songkhla Lake), the largest natural lake in the country. This shallow lake has a north- south extent of about 78 km and covers an area of 1040 km ². The banks go into flat landscape. At the mouth of the lake in the Gulf of Thailand, the fresh water goes into brackish water, the estuary is a habitat for extraordinary and rare animals.
In the south mountain ranges that form a natural border with Malaysia raise.
- Hat Yai
The climate is tropical and monsunal and very humid as in all the southern provinces of the country. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 36.7 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured with 23.2 ° C. At 153 days of rain fell in the same year 2119.3 mm of precipitation.
More than 95 % of the population are Thai and Chinese, the rest are Malays who speak a Malay dialect, the Yawi. Slightly more than 23% are Muslims. The thailändischsprachigen Muslims are called Sam - Sam.
Economic importance and
Songkhla is next Phatthalung and Nakhon Si Thammarat is the largest rice producer in the south of Thailand. Heart of economic development of the province is the largest city of Hat Yai.
The Songkhla lake is rich in fish. Much of the population lives from fishing. By Province and the Songkhla Lake, the southernmost (now discarded ) version of the Kra Canal was configured.
In 2008, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product) of the province of 166 174 million Baht. The minimum wage in the province is 176 baht per day ( about 4 € ) ..
All figures in %
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 688 862 rai ( 430.5 km ²), 14.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 2,277,479 Rai ( 1.423.4 km ²), 49.3 % of the total
- Not classified area: 1.65484 million Rai ( 1034.3 km ²), 35.8 % of the total
- Hat Yai airport
- Hat Yai Railway Station
- Station Chana
- Station Tha Maenglak
- Station Ko Sa Bo
- Station Thepha
- Station Tapaet
- Bus Songkhla
- Hat Yai bus terminal
- Prince of Songkhla University, Hat Yai parts, Pattani, Phuket, Surat Thani and Trang
- Thaksin University
- Rajabhat University, Songkhla
- Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya Southern Campus
- Tinnasulanon Fishery College
- Songkhla Nursing College
- Songkhla Technology College
- Songkhla Polytechnic College
- Hat Yai Technical College
Residents from the mountain caves have come to the Songkhla Lake and the Sathing Phra Peninsula at least 3000 years ago and settled there. Finds from the Bronze Age show an early economic and trade activities along the coast on the Gulf of Siam. As early as the 1st and 2nd century Indian fishermen and merchants settled on the Sathing Phra Peninsula. This gave an early port city on the Mahayana Buddhism was introduced in the 9th century. In the 12th century, after the kingdom of Srivijaya had set, the inhabitants converted to Theravada Buddhism of Ceylon. Middle of the 16th century, the town of Hua Khao Daeng an international port under the leadership of Dato Mughal, a Muslim leader.
In the late 17th century, the city grew under the leadership of the Chinese dealerships. More houses were built on a narrow plain at the end of Sathing Phra Peninsula. This was the nucleus of the future town of Songkhla. 1777 appointed Taksin Chin Yiang Sae Hao, head of the economically most powerful family, the Na Songkhla clan, governor of the province of Songkhla. The previous case ousted governor instigated in 1786 to a revolt that has been pushed back until after four months.
1842, the town was moved to its present location. 1901, the now eighth Governor of the Na Songkhla family was honorably retired. Songkhla then became part of the Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat. They built a large rubber plantation. 1933 Monthon were abolished.
See also: History of Thailand and the appropriate entry in Songkhla
( See entry in Songkhla )
- Peninsula Sathing Phra - with many beautiful beaches and old plants from the time of the kingdom of Srivijaya.
- Khao Nam Khang - ( Amphoe Na Thawi ), once secret cave system for communist guerrillas, now a tourist attraction with shops and restaurants under the earth. The caves were dug in just nine years by hand and form the longest man -made cave system in Thailand.
- Boriphat Waterfall - ( Amphoe Rattaphum ), in dense evergreen rainforest in the water falls over several cliff into an idyllic lake.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province is the home of a nautilus shell on a vessel with glass decoration. The shell indicates comfortable out on the long sea coast to the Gulf of Siam. It was probably originally worn as a decorative element from the Prince of Songkhla on the jacket (jacket ).
As a symbol of the province is plant the neem tree ( Azadirachta excelsa ).
The motto of the province of Songkhla is:
Songkhla is the home province of Prem Tinsulanonda, a general and politician who was Prime Minister from 1980 to 1988 and since 1995 has been President of the Privy Council. He enjoys great popularity due to its origin in Songkhla. The bear, which is dedicated to him Pathammaron Museum, (the longest concrete bridge in Thailand ) and the Tinsulanon Stadium bill named after him Tinsulanonda Bridge.
From Prem's popularity also the local Democratic party is trying to benefit the Prem not heard (he was always independent), but belonged to his government, and which presents itself as the representative of his policy. In every election since 1992, she won all the constituencies of the province. Also a prominent national politician of the Democrats, the former party deputy and deputy prime minister Trairong Suwankiri comes from this province. In the constitutional referendum in 2007 Songkhla was one of the provinces with the highest approval rates ( 91.0 % versus 7.5% against).
The province is divided into 16 districts ( Amphoe ). These are further divided into 127 municipalities ( tambon) and 987 villages ( Muban ) divided.
In the province there are two large cities ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ):
- Hat Yai ( เทศบาล นคร หาดใหญ่ ) and
- Songkhla ( เทศบาล นคร สงขลา )
And eight cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ):
- Khao Rup Chang ( เทศบาล เมือง เขา รูป ช้าง )
- Khlong Hae ( เทศบาล เมือง คลอง แห )
- Kuan Lang ( เทศบาล เมือง ควน ลัง )
- Kho Hong ( เทศบาล เมือง คอ หงส์ )
- Singha Nakhon ( เทศบาล เมือง สิงห นคร )
- Padang Besar ( เทศบาล เมือง ปา ดัง เบ ซาร์ )
- Ban Phru ( เทศบาล เมือง บ้าน พรุ ) and
- Sadao ( เทศบาล เมือง สะเดา ).
In addition, there are 21 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).