Samut Prakan Province

Samut Prakan ( Thai: สมุทรปราการ, [ Samut PRA ː kā ː n], such as " bulwark of the coast," listen / i?) Is a province ( Changwat ) in central Thailand. The capital of the province of Samut Prakan Samut Prakan is also called.

  • 2.1 Land Use
  • 3.1 airport


Samut Prakan is located at the mouth ( Thai: Paknam ) of the Maenam Chao Phraya ( Chao Phraya River ) in the Gulf of Thailand and has a coastline of just over 47 kilometers. West of the Chaophraya is predominantly agricultural land, mostly for rice cultivation. In the east, the urban center of the province, with a large number of companies.

Samut Prakan is in the range of Bangkok Metropolis, the transition between the two cities is fluid.

The province is geographically slightly larger than Berlin.


The climate is tropical and monsunal. The annual number of rainy days is about 100 with a rainfall of 1,064 mm.

Economic importance and

Samut Prakan benefits from its proximity to the economic center of Thailand, the capital Bangkok. Many industrial companies have settled here that want to avoid being close to the coast and the constant traffic problems in the capital.

But agriculture, mostly rice, is an important source of income of the province. After all, more than 36% of the area is classified as agricultural area.

Land use

For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: 6,995 Rai (7 km ²), 1.1% of the total
  • The utilized agricultural area: 131 296 rai ( 250.1 km ²), 20.9 % of the total
  • Not classified area: 489 267 rai ( 756.6 km ²), 78.0 % of the total



  • Suvarnabhumi International Airport (Bangkok )


Samut Prakan was formed during the Ayutthaya period, but the center was initially located in today's district ( Amphoe ) Phra Pradaeng. Here there were forts and city walls. King Taksin was the fortifications after the fall of Ayutthaya grind.

Under King Rama II then moved to the city in 1819 in the municipality ( tambon) Pak Nam what took three years. Six new forts were built, of which only Phi Sua Samut and Phra Chulachomklao are left today.


  • Mueang Boran (also: Ancient City, Ancient city ) - skilfully laid open-air museum, one of the largest in the world; it points to an area that is modeled after the contours of the territory of Thailand approximately, objects partially in original size, partly as a miniature version of historical importance (eg 1767 destroyed Audience Hall Sanphet Prasat from the royal palace of the former Kingdom of Ayutthaya ).
  • The Phra Samut Chedi was the first temple, the retracting welcomed sailors in the Maenam Chaophraya 100 years ago. The snow-white Chedi itself was still the middle of the river, it was called Phra Chedi Klang Nam ( Chedi middle of the river ). By sedimentation it is today on the west bank.
  • National Parks: Bang Pu Nature Reserve - about 12 km east of the town of Samut Prakan, with many species of seabirds; the reserve is operated by the Thai army and the WWF.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province of Samut Prakan Samut Chedi Phra shows the temple, which is highly revered in the province.

The local tree is Thespesia populnea.

The motto of the province of Samut Prakan is:

Administrative units

The province is ( Amphoe ) divided into six districts, which in turn into 50 subdistricts (tambon ) and further into 396 village communities ( Muban ) are divided.

In the province there is a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ): Samut Prakan ( เทศบาล นคร สมุทรปราการ ) and four cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Paknam Samut Prakan ( เทศบาล เมือง ปากน้ำ สมุทรปราการ ) and Pu - Chao Ming Phraya ( เทศบาล เมือง ปู่เจ้าสมิงพราย ), Lat Luang ( เทศบาล เมือง ลัด หลวง ) and Phra Pradaeng ( เทศบาล เมือง พระประแดง ).

In addition, there are 11 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).

For the general election, the province is divided into three electoral districts, one of which is sending a three deputies and the other two each 2 Abgeordenete in the lower house.