Amnat Charoen Province
Amnat Charoen ( Thai: อำนาจเจริญ, pronunciation: [ am.nâ ː t t͡ɕa.rɤ ː n]) is a province ( Changwat ) in the Northeast region of Thailand, the Isaan. The provincial capital is also called Amnat Charoen.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
- 2.3 dams
The Amnat Charoen province is located about 600 kilometers northeast of the capital, Bangkok on the border with Laos.
The province is located on the Mekong River, which also forms the border with Laos. Two small rivers, the Lam Sae Bok and Lam Sae Bai form smaller water sources for agriculture in the province.
The climate is tropical and monsunal with heavy rainfall from July to September and dry from November to March. During the hot season sometimes prevail 40 ° C in the shade, while in winter the temperature can drop to 12 ° C at night. In the rainy season there are often floods the parched land.
Economic importance and
The province is one of the poorest in Thailand, sandy and dry soil results in the rainy season to major floods, in dry years, however, the yields are sinking very strong. Rice, cotton, jute, silk, freshwater fish, cattle and pigs are the main products. Tourism is virtually non-existent by the location away from the tourist centers.
In 2011, the "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) was the province of 12.099 billion baht ( 300 million euros ). This corresponds to 30 231 baht per head (about 740 euros ), which is less than one-fifth of the national average. This Amnat Charoen is the economically weakest province of Thailand. The minimum wage in the province is 163 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 359 427 rai ( 224.6 km ²), 18.2 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 794 317 rai ( 496.5 km ²), 40.2 % of the total
- Not classified area: 822 041 rai ( 520.0 km ²), 41.6 % of the total
The Amnat Charoen province has a total of 175 wetlands covering an area of 10.4 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture.
- Phuttha Utthayan Reservoir - used for constant irrigation of the surrounding fields
Amnat Charoen was only on 12 January 1993 concerning a province, before that it was part of the province of Ubon Ratchathani. It was, therefore, together with Nong Bua Lamphu and Sa Kaeo, until the creation of the province of Bueng Kan 2011, the three youngest provinces of the country.
See also: History of Thailand
- Wat Ming Mueang Mongkhon ( วัด มงคล มิ่ง เมือง ) - idyllic Buddhist temple ( Wat ), houses a portrait of the Buddha with rich gold leaf jewelry.
- Wat Tham Saeng Phet ( วัด ถ้ำ แสง เพชร ) - Perched on a hilltop Buddhist temple complex, home to some caves with Buddha images.
- Wat Phra Lao Thep Nimit ( วัด พระ เหลา เทพ นิมิตร ) - very old temple with ordination hall in Isan - style which houses the famous Buddha statue Phra Lao Thep Nimit.
- Phuttha Utthayan ( พุทธ อุทยาน ) - Buddhist park with reservoir, which also serves as a tourist area.
Coat of arms and motto
In the middle of the crest the image of the Buddha Phra Mongkhon Ming Mueang can be seen, which is also known as Buddha Yai ( Big Buddha ). It is about an approximately 20 m high revered statue in the middle of Amnat Charoen province capital. At the edge of the left and right is a tree each to see, at whose feet superimposed an elephant.
The local plant is Hopea ferrea.
The motto of the province Amnat Charoen reads in translation:
The province is divided into seven administrative districts ( Amphoe ), which further into 56 communes ( tambon) and further into 653 village communities ( Muban ) are divided.