Phetchabun ( Thai: เพชรบูรณ์ ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southeastern part of the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Phetchabun Phetchabun is also called.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 3.3 dams
- 4.1 airport
The word Phetcha originates from the Sanskrit word vajra, " diamond " (it is the weapon of the Hindu god Indra ). The word bun from the Sanskrit word purna what "full ", "perfect" or "complete". The province's name means "the perfect diamond ".
Phetchabun located in the northern region of Thailand bordering on the so-called Isan. The province is determined by the sprawling valley of Maenam Pasak ( Pasak River ), which forms a fertile plain and mountain ranges of medium height ( Phetchabun Mountains ) is bordered to the east and west. The distance to the capital Bangkok is about 350 kilometers.
- Maenam Pasak
- Nong Phai, Wichian Buri
The climate of the province is tropical monsunal, but somewhat tempered due to the mountainous area. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 39.7 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 10.5 ° C. At 121 days of rain fell in the same year 1026.2 mm of precipitation.
Economic importance and
In 2009, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product ) of the province 72 236 million baht. The official minimum wage in the province is 232 baht per day ( about 5 €, date April 1, 2012 ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 2,544,053 Rai ( 4070.5 km ²), 32.1 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 3,705,747 Rai ( 5929.2 km ²), 46.8 % of the total
- Not classified area: 1.66796 million Rai ( 2668.7 km ²), 21.1 % of the total
It produces mainly tamarind, fruit and rice. The numerous lakes and rivers also offer many opportunities for fishing.
- Huai Pa Dang Reservoir - Irrigation reservoir popular destination for people of Phetchabun
- Phetchabun airport
The area was an important base for the Khmer Empire before it was conquered by Sukhothai.
During the Second World War and the de facto occupation of Thailand by Japanese forces, the then Prime Minister Plaek Phibunsongkhram planned the relocation of the Thai capital of Bangkok to Phetchabun. But he could not prevail in Parliament with that.
From 1978 to 1982 fought Communist guerrillas from the forested mountains of the Phetchabun province against the armed forces of the central government.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows an oversized diamond on top of a mountain in the foreground are tobacco plants. The local tree is the Tamarind ( Tamarindis indica).
The motto of the province of Phetchabun is:
- Si Thep Historical Park - many archaeological objects and ruins of the Khmer Empire
- Wat Nasai (also Wat Simongkol ) - Buddhist temple ( wat) in the Ban Nasai ( Amphoe Lom Kao, Tambon Wangban ) with old wall paintings from the life of Buddha.
- Shrine of King Naresuan - the defender against the Khmer dedicated ( in Tambon Tharon ).
- Khao Ko Palace - built for King Bhumibol Adulyadej as a unique, semi-circular area with a garden, the plants of temperate climates shows.
- National Parks: National Park Phu Hin Rong Kla
- Nam Nao National Park - large area of forest landscape, savannah and original jungle, caves and many of the Sai Thong Waterfall offer nature lovers an interesting experience.
- National Park Act Mok - very idyllic - accessible only by all-terrain car.
Nam Nao National Park, parched Haew Sai Waterfall
Nam Nao National Park - Bamboo Forest
Indeed, Mok National Park
The province is divided into eleven districts ( Amphoe ). The circles are further subdivided into 117 subdistricts (tambon ) and 1261 villages ( Muban ).
In the province, there are three cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Wichian Buri ( เทศบาล เมือง วิเชียรบุรี ) Lom Sak ( เทศบาล เมือง หล่มสัก ) and Phetchabun ( เทศบาล เมือง เพชรบูรณ์ ).
In addition, there are 19 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).