Nakhon Phanom Province

Nakhon Phanom ( Thai: นครพนม ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, Isan. The capital of the province of Nakhon Phanom Nakhon Phanom is also called.

  • 2.1 Data
  • 2.2 Natural Areas and Agriculture
  • 3.1 airport


Nakhon Phanom is a border province of Laos, located in the valley of the Mekong River across from Thakhek in the province Khammuan, Laos. Nakhon Phanom is located about 740 kilometers northeast of the capital Bangkok.

Major cities

  • Nakhon Phanom
  • Renu Nakhon

Important rivers

  • Mekong
  • Songkhram


The climate is tropical and monsunal.

Economic importance and


Natural areas and agriculture

The Nakhon Phanom province has a total of 837 wetlands covering an area of ​​112.9 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture.



  • Nakhon Phanom


The landscape of Nakhon Phanom been inhabited since the earliest Bronze Age. In fact, it is believed that the first bronzes were produced here in South East Asia several centuries before those in the Middle East.

In the seventh and eighth century large areas of Isaan came under the rule of Dvaravati and were later conquered by the Khmer. After the decline of the Empire of Angkor in the 13th century, the rule of the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang began ( from the area around Vientiane). More and more, at that time deserted area of ​​Laos was occupied settlers who built a rice culture.

Having had seized the kingdom of Ayutthaya from the area owned, the migration of Laotians sat here until the 19th century continued, because you wanted to have more settlers. The French - Siamese treaties of 1893 and 1904 made ​​among other things, Nakhon Phanom to the border between Siam and French Indochina.

After the Communist Party of Thailand had turned to armed struggle, found here from 1965 instead of fighting between the " People's Liberation Army" and government troops.


The population is mainly of Lao origin, but the differences among the Thai are more on cultural than on anthropological field.

The food here is rather glutinous rice and Goi, a crushed using a mortar preparation of meat and vegetables, mixed with clotted bovine blood.


  • Wat Phra That Phanom - about 50 kilometers outside the provincial capital; it is the most revered religious place of Buddhism in northeastern Thailand. It is visited by both the Thai and the Lao people.
  • Phrathat Renu Nakhon - consists of a similar facility as Prathat Phanom, is performed only slightly smaller
  • Boat processions - on the Mekong River are carried out at the full moon in late October / early November processions with lighted boats.
  • National Park Phu Pha Yon - located in the southwest of the province

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province of Nakhon Phanom shows the 57 -meter-high chedi of Wat Phra That Phanom in Amphoe That Phanom.

The local tree and the local flower is the Tembesu ( Fragraea fragrans ).

The motto of the province of Nakhon Phanom is:

Administrative units

The Nakhon Phanom Province is divided into 12 districts ( Amphoe ). The counties are further subdivided into 97 communes ( tambon) and 1040 villages ( Muban ).

In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Nakhon Phanom ( เทศบาล เมือง นครพนม ), and there are 9 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).