Lopburi ( Thai: ลพบุรี or Lop Buri, the former Lavo ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the central region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Lopburi.
- 3.1 airport
The province is located in the east of the level of the Chao Phraya River.
- Maenam Lopburi
The climate is tropical and monsunal. In 2009 there were 113 rainy days with an annual rainfall of 1,206.3 mm.
Economic importance and
The population lives from agriculture profitable on Maenam Chaophraya.
Main products are next to the rice ( 2009: 468 251 tons ) and corn, fruit and cotton. Approximately 64.1 % of the area of the province are agricultural land and 17.7 % is forest.
In addition, the tourism occupies an important position in the local labor market. The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2008 amounted to 74 966 million baht. The average income in 2008 was 16,852 baht PPro month.
- Airport Bangkok Don Mueang
Prehistoric finds show that the area of Khao Wong Prachan Valley was inhabited around 2300 BC by farmers. Some of the most important sites are located at Non Pa Wai, Non Mak La (1994 examined) and at Ban Tha Kae (1980).
The historical story of the province at least as far as the 5th century, when the provincial capital was founded with the name Lavo, and the city was an important religious and political center since the 7th century. The area belonged to the sphere of influence of Dvaravati kingdom of the Mon, the art style is further developed here also to own one so-called Lopburi style.
Since the 11th century, the area was ruled by the Khmer, who left impressive buildings here. Lopburi was the center of the Khmer in central Thailand, and resided here their Viceroy. Probably started early after the takeover by the Khmer independence movements, because they sent two embassies to the Chinese Empire ( 1001 and 1015). Lopburi was under tribute towards the Khmer and had to deliver every three years, water from a sacred lake to Angkor, where Khmer kings were holding sacred ceremonies intended to consolidate their god - kingship. End of the 13th century, the Thai kingdom of Sukhothai took over sovereignty, but remained Lopburi relatively independently.
The ancestors of the founder of Ayutthaya, Prince U Thong should come from Lopburi. From about 1360 the supremacy passed to Ayutthaya.
King Narai (1656-1688) was here with his coming from Greece Prime Minister Constantine Phaulkon built his palace of stone, one of the first stone buildings in Thailand. This Lopburi became a second capital of the kingdom Ayutthaya. The descriptions of European travelers, the envoy of King Louis XIV, According must be Lopburi once has been a magnificent city.
Under his successors, however, the buildings were no longer used and disintegrated. It was not until King Mongkut (Rama IV ) brought back parts of the plants from the jungle and let them get ready again.
- Narai Ratchaniwet ( Palace of King Narai ) - expire after the death of King Narai (1688 ), was built by King Mongkut (Rama IV ) in the mid -19th century.
- Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat - a whole complex of Buddhist temples, which come from two different eras: next Prang from the Khmer period there Chedi from the Ayutthaya period
- National Museum - named after King Narai and one of the 32 National Museums of Thailand; It is located in the palace of King Narai and contains a magnificent collection of Buddha statues and art treasures from the Dvaravati, Khmer and Ayutthaya period.
- Ban Wichayen - the summer residence of the Greek adventurer Constantine Falcon, who had risen under King Narai the Chief Minister.
- Sunflowers - about 45 km east of the provincial capital of Lopburi is largest sunflower plantation in Amphoe Phatthana Nikhom Thailand. In the heyday of November to January, many tourists come here to see the colorful spectacle.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Lopburi showing king Narai before the Khmer Phra Prang Sam Yod. The local tree and the local flower is the Mimusops elengi ( Bullet Wood).
The motto of the province of Lopburi is:
The Lopburi province is divided into 11 districts ( Amphoe ), 124 communes ( tambon) and 1110 villages ( Muban ).