5th century

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The 5th century began on January 1 and ending December 31, 401 500

Era / period

Events / developments

  • On December 31, 406/1. January 407 exceed Germanic tribes at Mogontiacum the Rhine ( Rhine crossing of 406).
  • 410 Rome is sacked by the Visigoths.
  • To 410, most Roman troops withdraw from Britain.
  • Constantius III. , The Western Empire had once again stabilized, dies 421
  • Vandals under Genseric conquer Carthage 439 and 455 plunder Rome.
  • To 440 rebel Anglo-Saxon mercenaries in Britain, who were allegedly came at the invitation of Vortigern.
  • Attila the Hun conquered much of Europe and is threatening 452 to attack Rome. Pope Leo I, hits him. Attila takes place thereafter as a result of epidemics and Byzantine attacks back on its parent country.
  • The Western Roman Heermeister Flavius ​​Aetius, who had been for 20 years de facto regent of Western Rome, 454 by Emperor Valentinian III. hand slain.
  • 468 a large-scale trial of the Western Emperor Anthemius to defeat with Eastern Roman help the Vandals fails.
  • 476: End of the Western Roman Empire - Romulus Augustulus is deposed by Odoacer.
  • The fleets of the Vandals dominate the western Mediterranean.
  • 475: The Visigoths write in Codex Euricianus their people right down.
  • 486: The Merovingian Clovis I defeated the rex Romanorum Syagrius and founded the Frankish Empire.
  • Buddhism comes to Myanmar and Indonesia.
  • African and Indonesian settlers come to Madagascar.

Personalities

  • Augustine of Hippo ( 354-430 ), Bishop and theologian ( City of God )
  • Flavius ​​Aetius, west Roman Heermeister († 454)
  • Aspar Flavius ​​, East Roman army champion († 471 )
  • Attila, King of the Huns († 453)
  • Peroz I., King of Persia († 484 )
  • Romulus Augustulus, the last Western Roman Emperor
  • Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths
  • Patrick of Ireland completed the Christianization of Ireland
  • Alaric I, king of the Visigoths
  • Leo the Great

Inventions and Discoveries

  • Invention of the stirrup in China
  • Use of the heavy plow in the Slavic countries
  • Widespread use of horseshoes in Gaul
  • Introduction of Fuþorc alphabet ( runes ) in England
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