Phrae ( Thai: แพร่, [ p ʰ rɛ ː ] ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Phrae Phrae is also called.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
- 3.1 universities
The province is located in the valley of Maenam Yom ( Yom River ), one of the tributaries of the Maenam Nan ( Nan River ), which in turn feeds the Maenam Chaophraya. The topography is dominated by the eastern foothills of the Nordsiamesischen Mountains, which mainly consists here of sharp sandstone formations.
- Maenam Yom
- Mae Yom National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ แม่ ยม )
- Doi Pha Klong National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ดอย ผา กลอง )
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 40.6 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured with 9.2 ° C. At 125 days of rain fell in the same year 1168.5 mm of precipitation.
Economic importance and
In 2009, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product) of the province of 23,375 million baht. The minimum wage in the province is 227 baht per day ( about 5 €, date April 1, 2012 ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 2,572,262 Rai ( 4115.6 km ²), 62.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 661 951 Rai ( 1059.1 km ²), 16.2 % of the total
- Not classified area: 852 411 Rai ( 1363.9 km ²), 20.9 % of the total
- Phrae campus Maesai the Maecho University
The area around Phrae was already part of the Mon kingdom Hariphunchai ( Lamphun ), as it along with large parts of the province of Nan in 1443 came under Tilokarat to Lan Na.
- Wat Phra That Cho Hae ( วัด พระ ธาตุ ช่อ แฮ ) - the most important Buddhist temple ( Wat ) of the province from the Sukhothai period. In its 33 -meter-high chedi, which is covered with copper plates, a relic of the Buddha to reside.
- Wat Phra That Suthon Mongkhon Khiri ( วัด พระ ธาตุ สุ โทน มงคล คีรี ) - in Amphoe Sung Men with an impressive chedi in a mixed Lan Na / Burma - style and a decorated with many sculptures ubosot.
- Phae Mueang Phi ( วนอุทยาน แพะ เมือง ผี, Ghost Town Gorge ) is also called the Grand Canyon of Thailand because of its rock formations. He is only about 18 kilometers from the provincial capital.
Coat of arms
According to legend, the two provinces of Phrae and Nan were dominated by two brothers. When it came time to divide the territory, they met in the mountains. One rode a horse, the other agreed on an ox to the meeting point. Therefore Phrae wearing a horse in his coat of arms and Nan a buffalo.
In addition, the chedi of Wat Phra That Cho Hae is seen on horseback, which can be about nine kilometers southeast of the provincial capital visited.
The local tree is the Chikrassy ( Chukrasia velutina, ชื่อ วิทยาศาสตร์, also Burmese almond wood or Yimma ), which is used as a timber.
The motto of the province of Phrae is:
- The romantic story Lilit Phra Lo ( ลิลิต พระ ล อ - " The story of Prince Lo" ) is the first example of Thai popular literature from the time of King Narai. The story of Prince Lo plays in Phrae province, she was in a meter, Lilit ( ลิลิต ), written, mixes the verses with skandierender prose.
The province is divided into 8 districts ( Amphoe ). The counties are further subdivided into 78 subdistricts (tambon ) and 645 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Phrae ( เทศบาล เมือง แพร่ ). In addition, there are 16 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).