Chiang Mai Province
Chiang Mai ( Thai: เชียงใหม่, listen / i?) Is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Chiang Mai is also called Chiang Mai.
The Chiag May Nakhon Ratchasima Province is the second largest province in terms of area of Thailand.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 4.1 Air Traffic
- 4.2 Rail
- 4.3 bus
Chiang Mai is located in the far north of Thailand. It is dominated by mountain foothills of the Himalayas, extending in a north-south direction. Here also arises from Maenam Ping.
Near the capital, is the highest peak of Thailand: Doi Inthanon ( 2,565 meters).
The climate in the north is relatively pleasant. Temperatures vary between 38 ° C at midday in the hot months before the rainy season and about 0 ° C in the clear nights of winter. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 40.1 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 10.9 ° C. At 121 days of rain fell in the same year 1,076.2 mm rainfall.
- Chiang Mai
- Chiang Dao
- Chom Thong
Economic importance and
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2009 amounted to 126 486 million Baht. The official minimum wage in the province since April 1, 2012 is 251 baht per day ( about 5 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 10,380,924 Rai ( 16609.5 km ²), 82.6 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 1,401,902 Rai ( 2243.0 km ²), 11.2 % of the total
- Not classified area: 784 085 Rai ( 1254.5 km ²), 6.2% of the total
- Chiang International Airport Soon ( Thai: ท่าอากาศยาน เชียงใหม่ ) ( IATA: CNX, ICAO: CCTV )
- Chiang Mai Train Station
- Saraphi station
- Chiang Mai bus terminal ( Arcade Bus Terminal)
- Chang Phueak Bus Terminal
- Phrao Bus Terminal
- Chiang Fang - bus terminal
- University of Chiang Mai, it is about five kilometers west of the city center of Chiang Mai
- Maejo University
- Rajabhat University Chiang Mai
- Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna
- North - Chiang Mai University (private)
- Payap University (private, Christian)
- Far Eastern University (private)
- Lanna campus of the Buddhist Mahamakut University ( Thammayut Nikaya ) at Wat Chedi Luang
- Campus Chiang Mai Buddhist Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University ( in Tambon Suthep, Amphoe Mueang Chiang Mai )
The north of Thailand is one of the settlements of the mountain peoples. There are more than 1,000 villages of Hmong, Yao, Lisu, Lahu, Akha and Karen, many of which are in the province of Chiang Mai.
In the Chinese minority of the province there are also some Muslim relatives.
The city of Chiang Mai was the capital of the Kingdom of Lan Na. It was not until 1932, the province was incorporated into Thailand after it had its own administration before. 1938 Chiang Mai was made the capital of the province.
See also: History of Thailand and entry in Chiang Mai.
Chiang Mai is the home province of billions complaints telecommunications entrepreneur and former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Since 2005, his Thai Rak Thai Party (or their successor organizations Party of People's Power and Pheu Thai ) won here in every election all seats. The Chiang Mai province is a stronghold of Thaksin related movement of the " red shirts ". In particular, this is the basis of the militant subgroup Rak Chiang Mai 51, which came over in 2009, the Gay Pride parade in Chiang Mai and represents xenophobic and chauvinistic positions towards immigrants from neighboring countries.
- Chiang Mai Crocodiles Farm
- Mae Sa Waterfall - north-west of Chiang Mai, there is also a elephant camp
- Doi Luang Chiang Dao - cave system in the Doi Luang ( Chiang Dao district ) over 10 km walkable, with many Buddha statues; near well elephant camp with demonstrations
- National Parks: Doi Inthanon National Park
- National Park Doi Phahom Pok (also: Mae Fang National Park )
- National Park Doi Suthep - Pui
- Doi Wiang Pha National Park
- National Park Mae Wang
- National Park Op Khan
- Op Luang National Park
- Pha Daeng National Park (Chiang Dao )
- Khun Khan National Park
- Huai Nam Dang National Park
- National Park Mae Ping
The seal of the province shows a white elephant ( the symbol of the King of Thailand) in a pavilion made of glass. It commemorates the donation of such an animal of King Rama II of Chiang Mai. The pavilion is a symbol of the spread of Buddhism in 1977 took place here the 8th World Congress of Buddhism instead.
The local tree and the local flower is the Plossobaum ( Butea monosperma ).
The motto of the province of Chiang Mai is:
The Chiang Mai province is divided into 25 districts ( Amphoe ). The circles are divided into 204 municipalities ( tambon) and 1915 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there is a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ): Chiang Mai ( เทศบาล นคร เชียงใหม่ ) and three cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ):
- Mae Cho ( เทศบาล เมือง แม่ โจ้ )
- Mueang Kaen Pattana ( เทศบาล เมือง เมือง แกน พัฒนา ) and
- Mae Hia ( เทศบาล เมือง แม่ เหี ยะ ).
In addition, there are 45 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).
Note: The code 25 was assigned to a planned Amphoe Wiang Kham, which has not previously been established.
Famous sons and daughters of the province
- Harin Hongsakul (1914-2008), Air Force General, President of the National Assembly
- Subin Pinkayan ( born 1934 ), former politician ( Science, Commerce, Foreign Affairs)
- Charoen Wattanasin ( born 1937 ), former badminton player
- Nidhi Eoseewong ( born 1940 ), historian
- Suchart Chaovisith (1940-2009), politician ( Minister of Finance, Deputy Prime Minister )
- Tarrin Nimmanahaeminda (* 1945), a banker and former politician ( Minister of Finance)
- Thaksin Shinawatra ( born 1949 ), businessman and politician ( former Prime Minister )
- Yingluck Shinawatra (born 1967 ), manager and politician ( executive Prime Minister )
- Chookiat Sakveerakul ( b. 1981 ), director and screenwriter
- Parinya Charoenphol ( " Nong Toom "; * 1981 ), a transsexual former Muay Thai fighter
- Natthaphong Samana ( born 1984 ), football player
- Noppawan Lertcheewakarn (* 1991), tennis player
- Supanara Sukhasvasti (* 1992), Athlete ( long jumper )