Nong Khai Province

Nong Khai ( Thai: หนองคาย ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, Isan. The capital of the province of Nong Khai Nong Khai is also called.

  • 2.1 Data
  • 2.2 Land Use


The Nong Khai province is located in the valley of the Mekong River, which also forms a natural border with Laos, and here mainly extends in an east-west direction. On the other side of the Mekong the Lao capital Vientiane is ( Viang Chan), only 25 km away. In the south of the province rise up small hills and mountain ranges.

Important rivers

  • Mekong


The climate is tropical and monsunal. The mean annual temperature is 26.2 ° C. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 40.6 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 9.5 ° C. At 134 days of rain fell in the same year 1834.6 mm of precipitation.

Economic importance and

In 2008, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product) of the province of 35,999 million baht. The minimum wage in the province is 169 baht per day ( about 4 € ).


Land use

For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: 348 379 rai ( 217.7 km ²), 7.6 % of the total
  • The utilized agricultural area: 1,735,827 Rai ( 1084.9 km ²), 37.9 % of the total
  • Not classified area: 2,498,469 Rai ( 1561.4 km ²), 54.5 % of the total

More than 50 % of the area is used for agriculture, 6% is forest land. Main source of income is the cultivation of rice. On the Mekong local fishing activities are pursued.

The Nong Khai province has a total of 1,002 wetlands covering an area of 96.0 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture.


Nong Khai has a checkered history behind it, in the course of which it played a minor role in the first Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, as its capital still in the area of ​​today's Luang Prabang ( Xiang Dong Xiang Thong) was located. After the Lao population increasingly relocated to the south of present-day Laos because of the constant Burmese attacks, also the importance of Nong Khai to the new capital Viang Chan grew, especially as in the 16th century on the other bank of the Mekong ( Vientiane) was built. But it was not there before the Burmese safe, and so fled Laotians in the following centuries in several waves in the South and in today's Isaan to northeast Thailand, where they represent a significant proportion of the population.


The population is predominantly Thai, but speak more than 50% of a Lao language. About 99% are Buddhists.


In addition to the Narurschutzgebiet Phu Wua (Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary, เขต รักษา พันธุ์ สัตว์ ป่า ภู วัว ) there are some waterfalls to see (for example, Namtok Tham Fun น้ำตก ถ้ำ ฝุ่น or Namtok Chet Si น้ำตก เจ็ด สี ), which partially but only in the rainy season water lead.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province of Nong Khai shows a pond with bamboo surrounded. The bamboo symbolizes stability, glory and resistance for the peaceful and productive country.

The local tree is the Burmese rosewood or Tamalan ( Dalbergia oliveri ).

The motto of the province of Nong Khai is:

Administrative units

The Nong Khai province is divided into nine districts ( Amphoe ). The counties are further subdivided into 62 communes ( tambon) and 705 villages ( Muban ).

In the province there are two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ) Nong Khai ( เทศบาล เมือง หนองคาย ) and Tha Bo ( เทศบาล เมือง ท่าบ่อ ), and there are 9 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).

Note: The missing geocodes are among the Amphoe of which today the province Bueng Khan is.