Ranong Province

Ranong ( Thai: ระนอง ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Ranong.

  • 2.1 Data
  • 2.2 Land Use


Ranong is the first southern province on the west coast and 568 km away from Bangkok and is situated on the Isthmus of Kra. Here is the narrowest point between the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, to be traversed by a channel between the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea - appropriate thought has existed for more than 150 years. Ranong is of foreign tourists often confused with Rayong on the eastern coast of the Gulf, but has a very different topography and characteristics.

Climate and landscape

The rainy season lasts in Ranong longer than in the other regions of Thailand, namely eight months. Therefore 80 % of the province including the islands are forested. The region is crossed by many small rivers and streams. Several waterfalls cascade down from up to 1,000 meters high mountains. Most of the small province is covered by mountainous rain forests. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 34.1 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 20.3 ° C. At 203 days of rain fell in the same year 4404.9 mm of precipitation.


There used to be a lot of fishing, and the reduction of tin was also significant. The sea and the mines but threw off less and less profits, so that they were forced to look for other sources of income. Today, coffee and cashew nuts are a new source of income. Tourism has also increasingly more and more fishing boats were converted for excursions.


The minimum wage in the province is 185 baht per day ( about 4 € ).

Land use

For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: 4.33536 million Rai ( 2709.6 km ²), 92.2 % of the total
  • The utilized agricultural area: 396 239 rai ( 247.7 km ²), 3.3% of the total
  • Not classified area: 545 162 rai ( 340.7 km ² ), 4.5 % of the total


The name Ranong is actually the Thai adaptation of Runung, a malaiischenFürstentum under the suzerainty of the Sultanate of Kedah. Runung was only after repeated invasions of Thai in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Khaw Soo Cheang was a Chinese from Zhangzhou - fu, in the province of Fukien, who sought to make his fortune abroad. In 1810 he came first in Penang, but after six unsuccessful years, he went to Takua Pa. There he could earn good money with various trading activities, and in 1844 he was appointed Royal vonZinn cashier of the royalties for the degradation and received the title Luang Ratanasethi. King Mongkut (Rama IV ) in 1854 made ​​him governor of Ranong and granted him the title Phra.

At that time was part of the Ranong Province Chumphon, but through the work of his Ranong governor was appointed in 1864 to own province. The governor thus got the title Phraya. When he died in 1882, took his second son the office, who was appointed in 1896 as nominee of Monthon Chumphon. Other sons of Phraya Ratanasethi were governors of Kra and Langsuan, his youngest son Kho Sim Bee ( Thai: คอ ซิ ม บี้, Chinese许 心 美) was used as " Phraya Ratsadanupradit Mahison Phakdi " Governor of Trang province and in 1900 as nominee of Monthon Phuket. After his death in 1913, an attorney was appointed from outside, so that so that the traditional succession of the family ended for administrative posts.

As in 1916, all Chinese immigrants and their descendants had a Thai family name assuming was from the family of Khaw Soo Cheang the family Na Ranong.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province shows a palace on a hill. This is a reminder that King Chulalongkorn once lived in his visit to Ranong in Ratana Rangsan Castle on the Hill Niveskiri.

The tree is the province's Crape Myrtle ( Lagerstroemia speciosa), the provincial flower is the orchid Dendrobium formosum.

The motto of the province of Ranong is:

Administrative units

Ranong is in 5 districts ( Amphoe ) divided, which in turn are divided into 30 subdistricts (tambon ) and further in 167 village communities ( Muban ).

In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Ranong ( เทศบาล เมือง ระนอง ), and there are five small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).