Kedah ( Jawi: قدح, formerly Keda Queda or ) is a federal state and sultanate in northwestern Malaysia.


Kedah is located on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula to the Andaman Sea. In the north, Kedah bordering Thailand and the Malaysian state of Perlis. For Kedah also includes the island of Langkawi group.


Even before the birth of Christ iron was poured here. In the early Middle Ages, the area was under the influence of South Indian Hindu Pallavadynastie, in the 7th century it was part of the Buddhist Srivijayareichs of Sumatra, usually it is called Bujang, now understood to be mainly including an excavation area. Kedah has long been a Malay principality, which was tributary to Siam. Great Britain brought the end of the 19th century the south of the Malay Peninsula under his power.

In 1909, Kedah was a British protectorate and part of the Unfederated Malay States. During the Japanese military administration ( from December 1941) it was returned to Thailand in October 1943; a measure which revoked the victors. The area went up in the Malay Union.

In March 2008, the Parti Islam Se - Malaysia received the most votes. They then began immediately with the implementation of strict Islamic rules, such as prohibition of lipstick and high heels for women in the civil service. In August 2008, reggae and pop concerts were banned because the local government feared a negative impact on youth. Likewise, the popular Dangdut performances were prohibited.

Administrative divisions

Administratively, Kedah is divided into twelve districts. The capital city of Alor Setar is located in the district of Kota Setar.