Krabi ( Thai: จังหวัด กระบี่, pronunciation: [ ʤaŋ Wat Kra - bì ] ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Krabi.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
- 3.1 airport
- 6.1 National Parks
- 6.2 Other reserves
Krabi is located about 800 kilometers south of Bangkok.
The wooded province is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean, the Andaman Sea. Particularly noteworthy are the numerous limestone cones that protrude on the land and from the sea as small islands. Climbers from all over the world come here - especially at the beach of Rai Leh ( Thai: อ่าว ไร่ เล ย์ ) - to climb.
The Krabi province has with a coastline of 120 km on 130 islands, ranging from Ko Hai in the south to Ko Chong Lad in the north. Most of the islands are accessible by ferry from Ao Nang Beach or the ferry terminal in Krabi Town. Among the already developed following include:
- Ko Hong Archipelago ( หมู่ เกาะ ห้อง )
- Ko Poda ( เกาะ ปอ ดะ )
- Ko Si Boya (also Ko Sri Bo Ya, เกาะ ศรี บอ ยา )
- Ko Cham ( also Ko Jum, เกาะ จั ม )
- Ko Yung ( เกาะ ยุง )
- Ko Phi Phi ( หมู่ เกาะ พี พี )
- Ko Lanta Yai and Koh Lanta Noi.
The coast and the islands were severely damaged during the tsunami on 26 December 2004.
The distance to the capital Bangkok is about 870 kilometers to Phuket ( Krabi Town ), about 175 kilometers, Ko Lanta ( street ) about 80 kilometers.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 33.8 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 18.5 ° C. At 167 days of rain fell in the same year 1690.8 mm of precipitation.
Economic importance and
In addition to tourism as the main source of income is fishing of importance also is agriculture.
Industry 2006 2007 2008 Agriculture 45.5 46.3 49.6 Industry 9.1 10.0 9.0 All figures in % Other 45.4 43.7 41.4 The minimum wage in the province is 184 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 615 401 rai ( 384.6 km ²), 20.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 1,795,487 Rai ( 1122.5 km ²), 61.0 % of the total
- Not classified area: 531 487 rai ( 332.2 km ²), 18.1 % of the total
- Krabi Airport ( KBV)
The Krabi Province has been inhabited since 25,000 to 30,000 years ago by people who lived in caves. The Cave Long Rongrien ( discovered in 1982 ), which is 15 kilometers from the provincial capital, one of the oldest human settlements in Asia might have been. At the end of the last ice age about 9,000 years ago, the sea level has risen to the current level. 2,000 to 3,000 years ago, the cave walls were painted with drawings of humans or animals in ocher or black colors.
The first written evidence, there are already around 1,200 BC, the Kingdom of Ligor when the city Ban Thai Samor is mentioned as part of the kingdom. From the 5th century there were at Klong Thom a Seehandelsposten where merchants from all over the world exchanged goods.
In modern history, Krabi was first ruled by Nakhon Si Thammarat from, even after Krabi 1872 received the status of a city. The province was established in 1875.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Krabi province shows two crossed swords old ( Krabi is the name of an ancient Thai sword ), in the Indian Ocean and the mountain range Phanom Bencha ( Thai: พนม เบญจา ), which is the highest mountain in the province with 1397 meters.
The local tree is Thung Fa ( Thai: ทุ้ง ฟ้า; Alstonia macrophylla).
The motto of the province of Krabi is:
- Ko Phi Phi - archipelago of much smaller islands, of which Phi Phi Don is the largest; Phi Phi Leh is all located nearby and shows the so-called Viking Cave and very pretty beaches. Here the movie The Beach was filmed. Other islands are Ko Yung (Mosquito Island, เกาะ ยุง ) and Ko Mai Phai ( Bamboo Island, เกาะ ไม้ไผ่ ) with diving and beautiful beaches.
- Suea Cave ( Thai: ถ้ำ เสือ ) - north-west of Krabi Located cave with a Meditation Center, Wat Tham Suea ( "Tiger Cave Temple "); the name comes from a larger stalagmites, which has the shape of a tiger.
- "Shell Cemetery " ( สุสาน หอย, Susan Hoi ) - collection of fossil shells on the sea- beach about 20 km from Krabi; at high tide, the terrain is almost completely flooded
- Kanap Nam Mountain ( เขา ขนาบ น้ำ ) - with a very beautiful stalactite cave
- Diamond Cave ( ถ้ำ เพชร ) - located at the end of the beach Nam Mao, a large and dark cave with mineral-rich rock that sparkles like a diamond in lighting
- The Hat Noppharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park covers a large area of the coast of Krabi and consist of Ao Nang and Hat Railay Nopharat Thara also.
- Khao Phanom Bencha - densely forested national park with numerous caves and waterfalls
- Than Bok Khorani National Park - with many and extensive cave systems
- Ko Lanta National Marine Park - Located at the southern tip of Krabi, with settlements of the Moken.
- Khao Nor Chuchi - Game Reserve (also Khao Pra - Bang Khram Wildlife Conservation Area called ) - one of the last lowland rain forests of Thailand, where one of the rarest bird species, Gurney's Pittas, are native.
- Thung - Taeo protection forest - with a lagoon and a beautiful waterfall
Krabi is divided into 8 districts ( Amphoe ), which in turn in 53 communes ( tambon) and 374 villages ( Muban ) are divided.
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ) Krabi ( เทศบาล เมือง กระบี่ ), and there are 9 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).