Phayao ( Thai: พะเยา, [ p ʰ ā.jāw ] ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Phayao is located in the district of Mueang Phayao and Phayao is also called.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
- 2.3 products
The province spreads out in the middle of a picturesque mountain landscape. The mountains go up to nearly 1,700 m ( Doi Luang ).
- Chiang Kham
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature was 42 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 8.1 ° C. At 110 days of rain fell in the same year only 847.0 mm rainfall.
In 2009, the "Gross Provincial Product" was (gross domestic product) of the province of 25,854 million baht. The official minimum wage in the province is 222 baht per day ( about 4 €, date April 1, 2012 ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 2,054,496 Rai ( 3287.2 km ²), 51.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 1,109,111 Rai ( 1774.6 km ²), 28.0 % of the total
- Not classified area: 795 805 Rai ( 1273.3 km ²), 20.1 % of the total
In the province of furniture and utensils made of water hyacinth ( ผักตบชวา ) are produced. Residents of the Thai Lue people tribe submit a special cotton fabric ( ผ้า ฝ้าย ทอ มือ ) ago.
The Phayao province has no airport or train station. Directly accessible is Phayao with the remote bus from Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Lampang. The nearest airports are in Chiang Rai ( about 94 km) and Chiang Mai ( about 150 km). The nearest train stations are also in Chiang Mai or Lampang ( about 131 km).
The area was probably inhabited during the Early Bronze Age, ancient traces of human settlement found in the provincial capital. Here existed in historical times an old local Kingdom, founded in the late 11th century and in 1338 in the Kingdom of Lan Na came up ( with the capital of Chiang Mai ). At its peak, the empire was under Ngam Mueang Phayao as an equal partner of Lan Na ( by King Meng Rai ) and Sukhothai ( under King Ramkhamhaeng ).
After the Burmese Lanna had conquered, many inhabitants of the land were deported to Burma, as well as from Phayao. The area was abandoned long. 1897 Phayao became part of the province of Chiang Rai.
Phayao was spun off on August 28 in 1977 and established as a separate province.
- Kwan Phayao ( กว๊าน พะเยา ) - the largest freshwater lake in Northern Thailand near the provincial capital.
- Wat Si Khom Kham ( วัด ศรี โคม คำ ) - Buddhist temple ( Wat ) with the largest seated Buddha statue of Lanna. It is 14 meters wide and 16 meters high, is said to have needed 33 years to make it.
- Wat Si Umong Kham ( วัด ศรี อุ โมง คำ ) with a chedi in Chiang Saen - style. Also worth seeing is the Buddha statue at Phra Chao Lan Tu ( พระเจ้า ล้าน ตื้อ ) in Lan Na style.
- Wat Phra That Chomthong ( วัด พระ ธาตุ จอมทอง ) - Located directly on the lake in an arboretum.
- National Parks: Doi Phu Nang National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ดอย ภู นาง ) - peacocks nest here from January to March, worth seeing also the Than Sawan Waterfall ( Namtok Than Sawan ).
- National Park Mae Puem ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ แม่ ปื ม )
- Phu Sang National Park ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ ภู ซาง )
The seal of the province of Phayao shows the famous Buddha statue of Wat Si Khom Kham ( known as Phra Chao Ton Luang ). Behind the Buddha are seven flames to see the show the splendor of the Buddha. Before him a bowl of rice and two ears of corn are placed.
The local tree is Mammea siamensis.
The motto of the province of Phayao is:
The province is divided ( Amphoe ) in nine counties. The circles are further subdivided into 68 subdistricts (tambon ) and 632 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there are two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ):
- Phayao ( เทศบาล เมือง พะเยา ) and
- Doc Khamtai ( เทศบาล เมือง ดอกคำใต้ ).
In addition, there are 21 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).