Rayong ( Thai: ระยอง ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the east of Thailand, but it is counted administratively to Central Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Rayong Rayong.
- 2.1 Data
- 3.1 airport
Rayong is located about 220 kilometers southeast of Bangkok on the Gulf of Thailand. The north is characterized by a mountainous landscape, but forms the vast area a low level that the sea level approached. The coast is about 100 km long, bordered by palm trees and in places very rugged. In the Gulf of Thailand to flow two important rivers, the Rayong and Prasae.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. In 2009, there were 115 rainy days together with 1,527.6 mm rainfall. In the same year the maximum temperature was 34 ° C, the lowest temperature of 18 ° C.
Economic importance and
The economic importance of Rayong is located next to tourism, which is becoming more and more about Chonburi and Bangkok conducted here, in the variety of natural resources. In addition to extensive forest areas, there are rich deposits of freshwater fish and marine animals and ores. Main industry of the province is the processing of seafood. Here are the production centers for the Thai fish sauce and shrimp paste, which may be absent at any Thai panel. There are also important fruit plantations and processing plants ( durian, rambutan and mangosteen ), and rubber.
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2011 was 751.066 billion baht (about 18.4 billion euro ). Thus, it was the most economically important province after the capital, Bangkok. The per capita product was 1,235,695 baht (about 30,200 euros ), the by far highest value nationwide and more than seven times as much as the national average.
Most important industry was the producing industry, which generated 297.8 billion baht, followed by the extraction of raw materials to 251.8 billion baht. It was followed by the energy and water supply of 54.9 billion, the wholesale and retail sale of 52.4 billion baht. Agriculture and fishing accounted for 33.9 billion, administration and social security 20.4 billion baht.
- U -Tapao ( Pattaya, Rayong )
It is first mentioned Rayong during the reign of King Maha Thammaracha in the Ayutthaya period. While the Burmese invasion, which marked the end of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, Phraya Kamphaengphet, later King Taksin Rayong and Chanthaburi came from its triumphal march throughout Siam and beyond. The first victory of his supporters was taking Rayong, the seven days later, followed by Chanthaburi.
Mueang Klaeng is the birthplace of Sunthorn Phu (1787-1855), the Thai national poet, comparable to our Goethe. He lived at the beginning of the Rattanakosin period and influenced not only the Thai literature and poetry, but also King Phutthaloetla Naphalai ( Rama II ), who wrote important works itself again, which were lost during the Burmese destruction campaign in Ayutthaya. Sunthorn honor will be held on June 26 every year in Sunthorn Phu Memorial Park in his birthplace of Ban Kram, Amphoe Klaeng, a hard place.
- Statue of Sunthorn Phu - in the village of Ban Klam in Amphoe Klaeng, the birthplace of the Thai national poet; The statue is surrounded by a lovely park with characters from his seals as Phra Aphaimani, the flute player.
- Wat Saranat Thammaram - Buddhist temple complex in Amphoe Klaeng.
- National Parks: Khao Laem Ya National Park - Mu Ko Samet (อุทยานแห่งชาติเขาแหลมหญ้า-หมู่เกาะเสม็ด) on the island of Ko Samet, Ban Phe to reach out.
- National Park Khao Chamao - Khao Wong ( อุทยานแห่งชาติ เขา ชะ เมา - เขาวง ) - a kind of botanical garden with an eight- tiered waterfall.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Rayong shows the holiday island of Ko Samet. The local tree is the Punnaga ( Calophyllum iniphyllum ).
The motto of the province of Rayong is:
The Rayong province is divided into eight districts ( Amphoe ), which in turn in 58 subdistricts (tambon ) and 388 villages in this ( Muban ) are divided.