Mae Hong Son Province

Mae Hong Son ( Thai: แม่ฮ่องสอน ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The capital of the province of Mae Hong Son Mae Hong Son is also called

  • 2.1 Data
  • 2.2 Land Use
  • 2.3 dams
  • 2.4 worth mentioning
  • 3.1 Airports
  • 5.1 demographics
  • 5.2 ethnicities and dialects


The Mae Hong Son province is embedded in a wild mountain landscape, which is lined by partially inaccessible jungle. This led to a long isolation of the province and to a degree of legal freedom, so that could establish a transit point for illegal drugs here. The distance to the capital Bangkok is more than 900 kilometers.

Major cities

  • Thesaban Mueang Mae Hong Son
  • Thesaban Tambon Khun Yuam
  • Thesaban Tambon Pai

Important rivers

  • Maenam Pai ( Pai River )
  • Maenam Ramat (also: Maenam Lamat - Ramat- flow ),
  • Maenam Yuam ( Yuam River )
  • Maenam Salawin ( Salween, even Nam Kong ) and the
  • Maenam Ngao ( Ngao River ).


Climate data acc. Thai Meteorological Department:

The climate is consistently slightly cooler than the rest of the country, while still tropical monsunal. The average temperature is 25.5 ° C. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 40.5 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 12.0 ° C. At 132 days of rain fell in the same year 841.5 mm of precipitation.

Economic importance and

The province is one of the poorest in Thailand. The long isolation has meant that in addition to the smuggling across the border to Myanmar and drug trafficking has reached a certain economic importance. Since you control the province of Chiang Rai stronger, the dealers are increasingly evaded here.

The increasing development of roads means that tourism increases. Come here nature lovers who love the solitude in the mountains and trekking excursions or wild raft rides on the many rivers.

In 2000, 75 % of the population of Mae Hong Son in agriculture worked. The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) amounted to 10,505 million baht in 2009. The official minimum wage in the province is 227 baht per day ( about 4 €, date April 1, 2012 ).


Land use

For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: 7,042,311 Rai ( 11267.7 km ²), 88.9 % of the total
  • The utilized agricultural area: 250 398 rai ( 400.6 km ²), 3.2 % of the total
  • Not classified area: 633 078 Rai ( 1012.9 km ²), 8.0 % of the total


  • Pha Bong Dam - dammed north of the provincial capital of the Maenam Ramat

Worth mentioning

When the movie Air America (1990 ) was filmed in this area, a " for the needs of filmmakers adequate " Hotel on the outskirts of Mae Hong Son was built, which still exists today: the Mae Hong Son Mountain Inn.




According to NSO visited in 2000 only 51.7 % of 6-24 year olds the school.



In 1990, the province of Mae Hong Son 158,400 inhabitants, in 2000 there were 210,500 inhabitants, with an average age of 25.3 years. 2000, there were about 10.1 % of people in urban areas, the largest percentage living in Mae Hong Son and Khun Yuam.

Approximately 89.2 % of the population of Mae Hong Son had her own home in 2000, 50.9 % had a own TV but only 33.4 % were cooking with gas or electric stoves.

Ethnicities and dialects

The population is about 50 % of hill tribe people: Karen, Hmong, Lawa, Lahu and Lisu. About 63 % of the population speak dialects of the mountain tribes.


The area has been inhabited since ages ago, as is clear from traces in the numerous cave systems: crude tools, cucumber and Betelsamen and other finds have a settlement since 8000 BC

During the historical period, the ownership changed frequently between Thailand and Burma. Nevertheless, never took place here big fights and the mountain people lived their peaceful life on, under which rule whatsoever. Even today, there are tensions at the border, however, do not come from the countries themselves, but of guerrillas and political activists.

See also: History of Thailand and corresponding entry in Mae Hong Son


Mae Hong Son has a large number of natural beauties that lie mostly in National Parks:

  • National parks and nature reserves: Namtok Mae Surin National Park
  • National Park Salawin
  • Tham Pla National Park - Namtok Pha Suea
  • Mae Ngao National Park
  • Huai Nam Dang National Park
  • Tham Lot Nature Reserve

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province shows an elephant in the water and recalls the enormous economic importance of animals. The local tree is Millettia brandisiana ( กระพี้ จั่น ), the local flower is the sunflower Helianthus annuus ( บัว ทอง ).

The motto of the province of Mae Hong Son is:

Administrative units

The province consists of seven districts ( Amphoe ), which further into 45 communes ( tambon) and 402 villages ( Muban ) are divided.

In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Mae Hong Son ( เทศบาล เมือง แม่ฮ่องสอน ) and four small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).