Pattani ( Thai: ปัตตานี ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Pattani Pattani.
Mostly inhabited by Muslim Malays, consisted in this region for a long time the Sultanate of Pattani as Siamese vassal state.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 4.1 airport
The province is located slightly more than 1000 kilometers south of Bangkok on the Malay Peninsula. The area is about twice as large as that of Berlin.
The landscape is characterized by a low level. In the south, the land rises to the Sankalakhiri mountains, where also the National Park Budo Su- ngai Padi ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ บู โด - สุไหงปาดี ) is located. Here you can see rare species of plants valuable mountain rain forests.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The annual number of rainy days is 164, with an average rainfall of about 2,570 mm. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 35.0 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 21.5 ° C. At 140 days of rain fell in the same year 1562.7 mm of precipitation.
Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand, where the majority of the population professes Islam. More than 85 % of the population are Muslims, mostly ethnic Malays.
Economic importance and
Industry 2006 2007 2008 Agriculture 16.9 16.9 17.7 Industry 6.9 7.4 6.9 All figures in % Other 76.2 75.7 75.4 The minimum wage in the province is 170 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 56 853 Rai ( 35.5 km ²), 4.7 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 733 498 rai ( 458.4 km ²), 60.5 % of the total
- Not classified area: 422 371 rai ( 264.0 km ²), 34.8 % of the total
- Pattani ( IATA code PAN)
The area was settled in the early days, the oldest traces can be seen today in Amphoe Yarang. In the 15th century came a larger wave of immigration of people to Pattani, who settled here to participate in the emerging trade with Chinese merchants, who in turn handed over India to the Middle East and Europe.
Pattani was the center of the Sultanate of Pattani, which was loose from Ayutthaya dependent. 1516 the Portuguese built a trading post here first, after they had five years earlier become aware of " Sayam " and had established contacts with the local rulers. Japanese followed in 1605 and the Dutch came 1609. Englishmen followed in 1612 and later established a branch of the English East India Company. After the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 Pattani became independent for a short time, but it came in 1785 under King Phra Phutthayotfa Chulaloke ( Rama I ) quickly back under the control of Siam.
In Pattani, the largest ever cast in Siam gun was manufactured, it is called " Nang Phraya Tani ".
1909 Pattani has been connected under the Anglo - Siamese Treaty of Siam, where Narathiwat and Yala at the time part of the administrative area of Pattani were and were eliminated later.
Since 1976, fighting in a Pattani (1992 split ) separatist organization ( Pattani United Liberation Organization) for autonomy and for developing programs for the neglected Bangkok Muslim provinces of southern Thailand and deters not even stop from terrorist violence. The conflict with the Thai government escalated in 2004.
- Wat Chang Hai Council Buranaram - old Buddhist temple ( Wat ) highly revered monk because of the famous Luang Pho Thuat who lived, taught and died here.
- National Parks: Namtok Sai Khao National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ น้ำตก ทรายขาว ) - " waterfall White Sand", with a waterfall and a beautiful botanical conditioning, Amphoe Khok Pho towards
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Pattani shows the mentioned gun Nang Phraya Tani, which was made in 1785 to Bangkok, where they can now be seen in front of the Defense Ministry.
The local flower is the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ). The local tree is the Ironwood ( Hopea odorata ).
The motto of the province of Pattani translation reads:
The province is divided into 12 Amphoe, which in turn are divided into 115 Tambon and further into 629 Muban.
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Pattani ( เทศบาล เมือง ปัตตานี ). In addition, there are 11 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).