Roi Et Province
Roi Et ( Thai: ร้อยเอ็ด ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, Isan. The capital of the province of Roi Et Roi Et also called
The Name Roi Et means " 101 ", representing a -enhancing reference to the original eleven suburbs of the provincial capital dar.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 4.1 airport
The province is surrounded by a wide and flat plateau, the Khorat Plateau. She is without its own natural water resources. In the hot season the land dries out during the rainy season associated with severe flooding.
The average height of land lies at 150 meters above the sea. Three rivers run through the province from the north at. At the confluence of the rivers Chi and Mun created a huge dam that will serve the irrigation of agricultural land.
- Roi Et, Suvannaphum, Kaset Wisai
- Maenam Yang (Yang River ), Maenam Mun ( Mun River ) and Maenam Chi ( chi flow )
The climate is tropical and monsunal with a lower number of rainy days ( about 120 per year) than in the rest of the country. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 36.2 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 13.2 ° C. At 106 days of rain fell in the same year 1305.0 mm of precipitation.
The population consists mainly of descendants of the Thai and Lao.
Economic importance and
The main income is generated by agriculture. Vigorous measures trying to develop the fertile land with irrigation projects. Guiding spirit here is King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX. ), The person to the possibilities and progress will take care of this.
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2008 amounted to 52 144 million baht. The minimum wage in the province since January 1, 2011 is 166 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 319 191 Rai (200 km ²), 6.2% of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 4,010,827 Rai ( 2507 km ²), 77.3 % of the total
- Not classified area: 857 138 Rai (536 km ²), 16.5 % of the total
The Roi Et province has a total of 865 wetlands covering an area of 42.5 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture.
Thung Kula Rong Hai The area ( " the weeping fields of Kula ", an ancient nomadic tribe literally) is transformed at high pressure into year-round fertile farmland. This is about 400,000 ha, spread over the provinces of Surin, Maha Sarakham, Buriram and Roi Et.
- Roi Et (ICAO code: VTUV )
As early as prehistoric times, people lived on the Khorat Plateau, show how traces of settlement. Under the Khmer, the level was an important part of the kingdom of Angkor, as the numerous remains of the Khmer testify.
In the 18th century saw a Laotian prince with his followers from Champasak to then in 1782 in what is now the district Suwannaphum (named after the legendary " Gold Country " Suvarnabhumi ) settle. Under Phra Phutthayotfa Chulaloke ( Rama I ), then the province was established and the capital was moved from Saket Nakhon to Roi Et to have better defenses.
At that time the capital of the province was a magnificent city with 11 gates that led to the 11 suburbs. From the former splendor of today is nothing left, but the city is growing again rapidly.
See also: History of Thailand and the appropriate entry in Roi Et
- Ku Kasing - Dating back to the 11th century remains of the Empire of Angkor with Prang of sandstone and an old enclosure
- National Parks: Pha Nam Yoi Forest Park ( ผา น้ำ ย้อย หรือ พุทธ อุทยาน อีสาน ) - in the north of the province in Amphoe Nong Phok, with cliffs and waterfalls; on the mountain is a large Wat with a 101 -meter-high pagoda. The Phra Maha Chedi Chai Mongkhon is one of the highest in Thailand.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a Buddhist temple ( Wat ), which was built on an island in an artificial lake Pha Lan Chai in the provincial capital. The local tree is the purple loosestrife ( Lagerstroemia macrocarpa Wall, in Thai. In Tha Nin ).
The motto of the province of Roi Et is:
The province is divided into 20 districts ( Amphoe ). The circles are subdivided into 193 subdistricts (tambon ) and 2311 villages ( Muban ).
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ) Roi Et ( เทศบาล เมือง ร้อยเอ็ด ), and there are 30 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).