Nan Province

Nan ( Thai: น่าน ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Nan Nan.

  • 3.1 Data
  • 3.2 Land Use
  • 4.1 airport


Nan is a province in the mountains of the north. Numerous river valleys run through the ups and offer the hill tribe people place. The province is located about 670 kilometers north of the provincial capital Bangkok.


The climate is tropical and monsunal, but not as hot as in most other parts of the country. The maximum temperature in 2009 was 41.2 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 6.7 ° C. At 107 days of rain fell in the same year 1,095.3 mm rainfall.


The area of Nan is mountainous. The highest elevation of the province is the 2,079 meter high Doi Phu Kha in Amphoe Pua near the border with Laos.


In the early years of the kingdoms of the north of Thailand, it was customary to obtain the workers on raids. Under King Rama I (reigned 1782-1809 ) was considered the northern region of Siam as a protective belt against the Burmese.

Approximately 12 % of the population are members of hill tribes.

Beginning of the 20th century, the Hmong migrated to northern Thailand.

Economic importance and

In 2009, the "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province was 23,174 million baht .. The official minimum wage in the province is 225 baht per day ( about 4 €, date April 1, 2012 ).


Land use

For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: 5,103,552 Rai ( 8165.7 km ²), 71.2 % of the total
  • The utilized agricultural area: 792 599 Rai ( 1268.2 km ²), 11.1 % of the total
  • Not classified area: 1,273,894 Rai ( 2038.2 km ²), 17.8 % of the total

The province is developed due to the closed position, relatively little. Praised be the citrus fruits, which have a very good taste.



  • Nan ( NNT code )


Nan was for centuries regardless of the surrounding areas with weak connections to the Laotian rulers in Vientiane. For a short time it belonged to the kingdom of Sukhothai and was named after its decline in the 15th century a vassal of the northern kingdom of Lanna ( Land of a Million Fields ). Lanna came under Burmese rule, but Nan tried to free themselves from their rule several times. This meant that Burma took over directly since 1714 the control.

1788 conquered the new ruler of Siam, King Puttha Yotfa Chulaloke ( Rama I ) to the north and brought Nan in its sphere of influence. As part of the Paknam crisis in 1893 Siam had to cede a portion of the Eastern Zone of Nan to French Indochina. But Nan until 1932 was administratively established as Siamese province and thus Thai territory. As a result, the area had in some time among guerrillas and the so-called People's Liberation Army of Thailand (People's Liberation Army Thailand, PLAT ) to suffer, who sought to bring a communist government to power. An attempt was the Thai army in the early 1980s to an end.


  • Wat Phra That Chae Haeng ( Thai: วัด พระ ธาตุ แช่ แห้ง ) - over 600 years old Buddhist temple ( Wat ) in Amphoe Phu Phiang with a 55 m high gold-plated chedi from the Sukhothai period, which is to contain a relic. Also worth seeing is the traditional Naga ornaments on Viharn.
  • Wat Nong Bua ( Thai: วัด หนองบัว ) - Located in Amphoe Pua, is a Buddhist temple ( Wat ) in Lan Na style, with beautiful wall paintings.
  • Sila Phet Waterfall ( Thai: น้ำตก ศิลา เพชร ) - Located in Amphoe Pua, with beautiful Arboretum and interesting caves.
  • Sao Din ( Thai: เสา ดิน นาน้อย ) - Canyon landscape
  • Tham Pa Tup ( Thai: วนอุทยาน ถ้ำ ผา ตูบ ) - nature reserve (forest park)
  • National Parks: Doi Phu Kha ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ดอย ภู คา ) - with the rare tree Chom Phu Kha Pu ( Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsl. )
  • Khun Nan ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ขุน น่าน )
  • Khun Sathan ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ขุน สถาน )
  • Mae Charim ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ แม่จริม )
  • Nanthaburi ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ นันท บุรี )
  • Si Nan ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ศรี น่าน )
  • Tham Sakoen ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ถ้ำ สะ เกิน )

Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the Usuparach bulls, bears the Chedi of Chae Haeng Prathat. The local plant is the orchid tree ( Bauhinia variegata ).

The motto of the province of Nan is:

Administrative units

The Nan province is divided into 15 counties ( Amphoe ). The circles are further subdivided into 99 subdistricts (tambon ) and 848 villages ( Muban ).

In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Nan ( เทศบาล เมือง น่าน ). In addition, there are seven small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).