Amphoe Fang ( in Thai: อำเภอ ฝาง ) is a district ( Amphoe - administrative district ) in the northern part of the province of Chiang Mai. The Chiang Mai province is located in the northern region of Thailand.
Amphoe Fang lies near the border with Myanmar in about 655 meters in the so-called Golden Triangle. Fang is located about 125 kilometers north of the provincial capital of Chiang Mai and only 24 kilometers southeast of the border with Myanmar.
Neighboring districts ( from northeast clockwise): Amphoe Mae Ai the province of Chiang Mai, Mae Suai, Chiang Rai Province and Chai Prakan turn from the province of Chiang Mai, and the Shan State of Myanmar.
The National Park Doi Phahom Pok is fishing in the district.
The city was founded in 1268 under King Mangrai. It formed the basis for the conquest of the kingdom of the Mon by the Thai and developed in the 14th and 15th centuries an important trading center. For a long time catching an important outpost of resistance against the Burmese expansionism in northern Thailand, but was finally conquered in 1732. End of the 18th century the Thai succeeded under King Taksin the reconquest.
In the second half of the 20th century the place was regarded as the crossroads of the opium trade and arms smuggling in the Golden Triangle. Today fishing is a gradually developing tourist structures, aspiring provincial town. Opium cultivation in the area is enhanced converted with the help of massive financial assistance received from government in Bangkok on alternative agricultural products.
Judging by their past, the city has relatively little besichtigenswertes cultural heritage. Remains of the fortification from the founding period and a fountain, into which King Udom Sin and his wife are said to have fallen to evade capture by the Burmese, are often shown.
Worth visiting are the situated about ten kilometers outside the city center hot sulfur springs, about 50 in number. They are located in the National Park Doi Phahom Pok, also called Mae Fang.
Also a trip worth the agricultural experimental and educational farm of Tribal Welfare Committee, on the opium farmers in the region of cultivation of alternative products is mediated.
The circle is divided into eight subdistricts (tambon ), which are further subdivided into 128 villages ( Muban ).
There are two small towns ( thesaban tambon) in the district:
- Wiang Phrao consists of parts of the tambon Wiang.
- Ban Mae Kha consists of parts of the tambon Mae Kha.
In addition, there are eight " Tambon Administrative Organizations" ( TAO - administrative units ).
The missing numbers belong to tambon Chai Prakan from which today consists.